Karen Horney

Karen Horney, 1885–1952, American psychiatrist, b. Germany, M.D. Univ. of Berlin, 1913. She married Oscar Horney in 1909. Prior to her arrival (1932) in the United States, she was secretary of the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute, where she taught for 12 years. Associate director (1932–34) of the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis, Horney then came to New York City, where she lectured at the New School for Social Research. She deviated from orthodox Freudian analysis by emphasizing environmental and cultural, rather than biological, factors in the genesis of neurosis. Anxiety, she held, is created by anything that jeopardizes a person's means of gaining security. The neurotic's rigid adherence to his safety devices protects him in some ways but renders him helpless toward other possible dangers. To further her work based on these beliefs, she founded (1941) and became dean of the American Institute of Psychoanalysis. Her works include The Neurotic Personality of Our Time (1937), Self-Analysis (1942), Our Inner Conflicts (1945), and Neurosis and Human Growth (1950).

See studies by S. Quinn (1988), M. Westkott (1988), and B. J. Paris (1994).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Adolescent Diaries of Karen Horney
Karen Horney.
Basic Books, 1980
Self-Analysis
Karen Horney.
W. W. Norton, 1968
Female Sexuality: The Early Psychoanalytic Controversies
Russell Grigg; Dominique Hecq; Craig Smith.
Other Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "The Flight from Womanhood: The Masculinity-Complex in Women, as Viewed by Men and Women" by Karen Horney
An Introduction to Theories of Personality
Robert B. Ewen.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2003 (6th edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Neurosis and Human Growth: Karen Horney"
Personality Structure and Human Interaction: The Developing Synthesis of Psycho-Dynamic Theory
Harry Guntrip.
International Universities Press, 1961
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VIII "The 'Culture Pattern' Theory and Character Analysis: Adler, Karen Horney, Erich Fromm"
Religion, Society, and Psychoanalysis: Readings in Contemporary Theory
Janet Liebman Jacobs; Donald Capps.
Westview Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Karen Horney's Encounter with Zen"
The Meaning of Anxiety
Rollo May.
Ronald Press, 1950
Librarian’s tip: "Horney: Anxiety and Conflicting Personality Trends" begins on p. 138
The Foundations of Psychiatry
Silvano Arieti.
Basic Books, 1974 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: "The School of Karen Horney" begins on p. 862
Freudians and Feminists
Edith Kurzweil.
Westview Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: "Karen Horney: A Sea Captain's Daughter" begins on p. 23, and "Horney's Break with Ego Psychology" begins on p. 36
Feminism and Its Discontents: A Century of Struggle with Psychoanalysis
Mari Jo Buhle.
Harvard University Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Karen Horney begins on p. 69
Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
Agnes N. O'Connell; Nancy Felipe Russo.
Greenwood Press, 1990
Librarian’s tip: "Karen Horney (1885-1952)" begins on p. 184
Dictionary of Theories, Laws, and Concepts in Psychology
Jon E. Roeckelein.
Greenwood Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: "Horney's Theory of Personality" begins on p. 239
Karen Horney and Character Disorder: A Guide for the Modern Practitioner
Irving Solomon.
Springer, 2006
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