William McDougall

McDougall, William (American psychologist)

William McDougall, 1871–1938, American psychologist, b. Lancashire, England, educated at Cambridge, Oxford, and Gottingen. An important figure in the development of social and physiological psychology, he was a professor of psychology at Harvard (1920–27), and at Duke from 1927 until his death. He studied eugenics and heredity, and for 17 years conducted experiments on the inheritance of acquired characteristics. He maintained that individuals are motivated by inherited instincts that push them toward goals which may be unknown to them. His works include An Introduction to Social Psychology (1908–50, repr. 1973) and Physiological Psychology (1920).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

FREE! Psychology, the Study of Behaviour
William McDougall.
Williams and Norgate, 1912
Character and the Conduct of Life: Practical Psychology for Everyman
William McDougall.
G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1927
FREE! Group Mind: A Sketch of the Principles of Collective Psychology, with Some Attempt to Apply Them to the Interpretation of National Life and Character:
William McDougall.
G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1920
The Case for and against Psychical Belief
Carl Murchison.
Clark University, 1927
Librarian’s tip: Chap. VII "Psychical Research as a University Study" by William McDougall
Psychologies of 1925: Powell Lectures in Psychological Theory
Madison Bentley; Knight Dunlap; Walter S. Hunter; Kurt Koffka; Wolfgang Köhler; William McDougall; Morton Prince; John B. Watson; Robert S. Woodworth; Carl Murchison.
Clark University Press, 1928 (3rd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 12 "Men or Robots? I" by William McDougall and Chap. 13 "Men or Robots? II" by William McDougall
Psychologies of 1930
Carl Murchison.
Clark University Press, 1930
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "The Hormic Psychology" by William McDougall
Topics in the History of Psychology
Gregory A. Kimble; Kurt Schlesinger.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, vol.2, 1985
Librarian’s tip: "Instinct Theory and William McDougall" begins on p. 164
Perception: An Approach to Personality
Robert R. Blake; Glenn V. Ramsey.
Ronald Press, 1951
Librarian’s tip: "McDougall's Theory of the Sentiments" begins on p. 240
Methods in Social Science: A Case Book
Stuart A. Rice.
University of Chicago Press, 1931
Librarian’s tip: "William McDougall's Methodological Concept of Instinct" begins on p. 186
Social Psychology Interpreted
Jesse William Sprowls.
Williams & Wilkins, 1927
Librarian’s tip: "McDougall's Theories" begins on p. 97
American Social Psychology: Its Origins, Development, and European Background
Fay Berger Karpf.
McGraw-Hill, 1932
Librarian’s tip: "William McDougall" begins on p. 176
Sociological Theory: Present-Day Sociology from the Past
Edgar F. Borgatta; Henry J. Meyer.
Alfred A. Knopf, 1956
Librarian’s tip: "Imitation, Stability, and Change" by William McDougall begins on p. 420
War: Studies from Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology
Leon Bramson; George W. Goethals.
Basic Books, 1968
Librarian’s tip: Includes "The Instinct of Pugnacity" by William McDougall
Contemporary Schools of Psychology
Robert S. Woodworth.
Ronald Press, 1948 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of William McDougall begins on p. 213
Mind and Personality: An Essay in Psychology and Philosophy
William Brown.
G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1927
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of William McDougall begins on p. 61
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