Christian Apologetics

apology

apology [Gr.,=defense], literary work that defends, justifies, or clarifies an author's ideas or point of view. Unlike the ordinary use of the word, the literary use neither implies that wrong has been done nor expresses regret. The most famous ancient example, Plato's Apology (3d cent. BC), presents Socrates' defense of himself at his trial before the Athenian government. Sir Philip Sidney's Apologie for Poetrie and Defense of Poesie (both: 1580), which examine the art of poetry and its condition in England, apparently were written to justify the poets' craft after it had been attacked by critics. A third famous example, Cardinal Newman's spiritual autobiography Apologia pro Vita sua (1864), was written to clarify the Cardinal's views after they had been misrepresented in an essay by Charles Kingsley.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Warranted Christian Belief
Alvin Plantinga.
Oxford University Press, 2000
Postmodern Apologetics? Arguments for God in Contemporary Philosophy
Christina M. Gschwandtner.
Fordham University Press, 2013
Humble Apologetics: Defending the Faith Today
John G. Stackhouse Jr.
Oxford University Press, 2002
The Screwtape Letters: Screwtape Proposes a Toast
C. S. Lewis.
Macmillan, 1961
The Everlasting Man
G. K. Chesterton.
Image Books, 1955
Reasons to Believe Today
John Martinetti.
Marquette University Press, 1996
The Possibility of Resurrection and Other Essays in Christian Apologetic
Peter Van Inwagen.
Westview Press, 1998
That the World May Believe
Hans Küng; Cecily Hastings.
Sheed and Ward, 1963
Honest to God
John A. T. Robinson.
Westminster Press, 1963
Our Experience of God
H. D. Lewis.
Allen & Unwin, 1959
Apologetics in the Roman Empire: Pagans, Jews, and Christians
Mark J. Edwards; Martin Goodman; Simon Price; Christopher Rowland.
Oxford University Press, 1999
The City of God
Saint Augustine; Marcus D. D. Dods.
Modern Library, 1950
Tertullian, Apology, de Spectaculis
T. R. Glover; Tertullian.
W. Heinemann, Ltd., 1931
On Original Sin ; And, a Disputation with the Jew, Leo, concerning the Advent of Christ, the Son of God: Two Theological Treatises
Irven M. Resnick; Odo of Tournai.
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994
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