Original Sin

original sin, in Christian theology, the sin of Adam, by which all humankind fell from divine grace. Saint Augustine was the fundamental theologian in the formulation of this doctrine, which states that the essentially graceless nature of humanity requires redemption to save it. The purpose of baptism is to wash away original sin and to restore the individual to an innocent state, although even after baptism a tendency to sin remains as a result of original sin.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Dark Side of the Soul: Human Nature and the Problem of Evil in Jewish and Christian Traditions
Lowry, Richard.
Journal of Ecumenical Studies, Vol. 35, No. 1, Winter 1998
On Original Sin ; And, a Disputation with the Jew, Leo, concerning the Advent of Christ, the Son of God: Two Theological Treatises
Irven M. Resnick; Odo of Tournai.
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994
On Evil
Thomas Aquinas; Richard Regan; Brian Davies.
Oxford University Press, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Question IV "On Original Sin"
Christianity in Jewish Terms
Tikva Frymer-Kensky; David Novak; Peter Ochs; David Fox Sandmel; Michael A. Signer.
Westview Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 12 "Sin and Repentence: 'Turn Us to You and We Shall Return': Original Sin, Atonement, and Redemption in Jewish Terms"
Bound to Sin: Abuse, Holocaust, and the Christian Doctrine of Sin
Alistair McFadyen.
Cambridge University Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Speaking Morally? The Case of Original Sin"
John Locke and the Problem of Depravity
W. M. Spellman.
Clarendon Press, 1988
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Original Sing before Locke"
Kierkegaard as Theologian: The Dialectic of Christian Existence
Louis Dupré.
Sheed and Ward, 1963
Librarian’s tip: Chap. II "The Dialectic of Sin"
The Philosophy of Jonathan Edwards: A Study in Divine Semiotics
Stephen H. Daniel.
Indiana University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. V "The Ontology of Original Sin"
Catholicism: The Story of Catholic Christianity
Gerald O'Collins; Mario Farrugia.
Oxford University Press, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of original sin begins on p. 185
FREE! The Concept of Sin
F. R. Tennant.
University Press, 1912
The Freedom to Say "No"? Karl Rahner's Doctrine of Sin
Highfield, Ron.
Theological Studies, Vol. 56, No. 3, September 1995
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