Resurrection (Theology)


resurrection (rĕz´ərĕk´shən) [Lat.,=rising again], arising again from death to life. The emergence of Jesus from the tomb to live on earth again for 40 days as told in the Gospels has been from the beginning the central fact of Christian experience and a cardinal feature of Christian doctrine (Mat. 28; Mark 16; Luke 24; John 20; Acts 4.2; Romans 6). It was the guarantee not only of Christ's mission and the seal of redemption but also of the resurrection of all men. The general resurrection or resurrection of the body has been understood in diverse ways, always in the light of St. Paul's teaching on the risen or glorified body. In the conventional theology the material body is identified with the glorified body (since the soul is the substantial form of each) and is in some way spiritualized so that it is made incorruptible and immortal. At the end of the world (see Judgment Day) the souls of all men will be reunited with their risen bodies. The Christian doctrine of resurrection of the body is thus fundamentally different from the resurrection beliefs of the ancient Egyptian religion and other ancient religions (see fertility rites). Belief in a resurrection of the body distinguished the Pharisees from the Sadducees. It is also a tenet of Muslim belief.

See C. W. Bynum, The Resurrection of the Body in Western Christianity, 200–1336 (1995).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Resurrection of Jesus Christ: Some Contemporary Issues
Gerald O'Collins.
Marquette University Press, 1993
The Resurrection: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Resurrection of Jesus
Stephen T. Davis; Daniel Kendall; Gerald O'Collins.
Oxford University Press, 1998
Guide to the Christian Faith: An Introduction to Christian Doctrine
William A. Spurrier.
Scribner, 1952
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Doctrine of the Resurrection"
Bodily Resurrection in Catholic Perspectives
Prusak, Bernard P.
Theological Studies, Vol. 61, No. 1, March 2000
Hegel and Christian Theology: A Reading of the Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion
Peter C. Hodgson.
Oxford University Press, 2005
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Christ and Reconciliation"
The Possibility of Resurrection and Other Essays in Christian Apologetic
Peter Van Inwagen.
Westview Press, 1998
Understanding the Fourth Gospel
John Ashton.
Clarendon Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 13 "Passion and Resurrection"
Understanding Catholicism
Monika K. Hellwig.
Paulist Press, 1981
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "The Resurrection, Foundation for Our Hope"
Rediscovering the Bible
Bernhard W. Anderson.
Association Press, 1951
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 9 "The Power of His Resurrection"
God and Other Spirits: Intimations of Transcendence in Christian Experience
Phillip H. Wiebe.
Oxford University Press, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Judeo-Christian Experience of the Holy"
Resurrection and the Costs of Evolution: A Dialogue with Rahner on Noninterventionist Theology
Edwards, Denis.
Theological Studies, Vol. 67, No. 4, December 2006
The Earliest Records of Jesus: A Companion to the Synopsis of the First Three Gospels
Francis Wright Beare; Albert Huck.
Abingdon Press, 1962
Librarian’s tip: "The Question concerning the Resurrection" begins on p. 212, and "The Post-Resurrection Narratives" begins on p. 243
Hermes and Athena: Biblical Exegesis and Philosophical Theology
Eleonore Stump; Thomas P. Flint.
University of Notre Dame Press, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Part III "Philosophy and Biblical Studies on the Empty Tomb"
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