William Temple

William Temple, 1881–1944, archbishop of York (1929–42) and archbishop of Canterbury (1942–44); son of Frederick Temple. At Balliol College, Oxford, he became (1904) president of the Oxford Union. He was fellow and lecturer in philosophy (1904–10) at Queen's College, Oxford, and in 1909 was ordained a priest. Temple served as headmaster (1910–14) of Repton School and as rector (1914–17) of St. James's, Piccadilly. He joined the Life and Liberty Movement, which strove for an autonomous Church of England; the goal was achieved in part by the Enabling Act of 1919. He was canon (1919–21) of Westminster and bishop (1921–29) of Manchester. He was made archbishop of York in 1929, and in 1942 he became archbishop of Canterbury. Keenly interested in social and economic reform, he was a friend of labor and the first president (1908–24) of the Workers' Educational Association. His leadership in the movement to form a world council of churches was outstanding. Among his numerous publications are Christianity and the State (1928), Nature, Man, and God (1934), and The Church Looks Forward (1944).

See F. A. Iremonger, William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (1948, abr. 1963); J. F. Fletcher, William Temple, Twentieth Century Christian (1963); A. M. Ramsey, An Era in Anglican Theology (1960).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury: His Life and Letters
F. A. Iremonger.
Oxford University Press, 1948
William Temple, Twentieth-Century Christian
Joseph Fletcher.
Seabury Press, 1963
Churches and Social Issues in Twentieth-century Britain
G. I. T. Machin.
Clarendon Press, 1998
Biographical Dictionary of Christian Theologians
Patrick W. Carey; Joseph T. Lienhard.
Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Temple, William" begins on p. 493
FREE! The Story of Canterbury
G. R. Stirling Taylor; Katherine Kimball.
J. M. Dent & Sons, 1912
The Church of England
Herbert Hensley Henson.
Cambridge University Press, 1939
A History of the Church in England
John R. H. Moorman.
Morehouse-Gorham, 1954
William Temple, Pius Xii, Ecumenism, Natural Law, and the Post-War Peace
Kirby, Dianne.
Journal of Ecumenical Studies, Summer-Fall 1999
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