St. Bonaventure

Saint Bonaventure (bŏn´əvĕn´chər, bō´nävāntōō´rä), 1221–74, Italian scholastic theologian, cardinal, Doctor of the Church, called the Seraphic Doctor, b. near Viterbo, Italy. His original name was Giovanni di Fidanza. He entered (1238 or 1243) the Franciscan order, studied at the Univ. of Paris under Alexander of Hales, and then taught there with St. Thomas Aquinas until 1255. He was made (1257) general of his order and (1273) cardinal bishop of Albano. He died while attending the Second Council of Lyons, at which he was a papal legate. Among his philosophic and theological works are commentaries on the Sentences of Peter Lombard and the "three little works" —Breviloquium (tr. 1947), Itinerarium mentis in Deum (tr. The Mind's Road to God, 1953), and De reductione artium ad theologiam (tr. 1939). He succeeded in reconciling Aristotle's learning to orthodox Augustinianism, and he was a proponent of moderate realism (see realism, in philosophy, 1). His later mystical works bring the teachings of St. Bernard of Clairvaux and Hugh of Saint Victor to full flower. He emphasized the total dependence of all things upon God, and he wrote guides to mystic contemplation. He also wrote the official and much-translated life of St. Francis. Feast: July 14.

See J. G. Bougerol, Introduction to the Works of Bonaventure (Am. ed. 1964); E. Gilson, The Philosophy of St. Bonaventure (new ed. 1965).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Bonaventure
Ewert Cousins.
Paulist Press, 1978
The Works of Bonaventure: Cardinal, Seraphic Doctor, and Saint
José de Vinck; Bonaventure.
St. Anthony Guild Press, vol.1, 1960
Mystics
William Harmless, S.J.
Oxford University Press, 2008
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Mystic as Cartographer: Bonaventure"
Woman According to Saint Bonaventure
Sister Emma Thérèse Healy.
Villa Maria College, 1956
Essays in Medieval Life and Thought: Presented in Honor of Austin Patterson Evans
John H. Mundy; Richard W. Emery; Benjamin N. Nelson.
Columbia University Press, 1955
Librarian’s tip: "The Way to Religious Perfection According to St. Bonaventure's De Triplici Via" begins on p. 31
On the Eternity of the World: (De Aeternitate Mundi)
Lottie H. Kendzierski; Thomas Aquinas; Bonaventure; Siger.
Marquette University Press, 1964 (2nd edition)
Theological Aesthetics: God in Imagination, Beauty, and Art
Richard Viladesau.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Bonaventure and Thomas Aquinas" begins on p. 111
Texts of the Passion: Latin Devotional Literature and Medieval Society
Thomas H. Bestul.
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: "Bonaventure, the Franciscans, and the Thirteenth Century" begins on p. 43
Biographical Dictionary of Christian Theologians
Patrick W. Carey; Joseph T. Lienhard.
Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Bonaventure" begins on p. 80
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