Irenaeus

Irenaeus, Saint

Saint Irenaeus (īrĬnē´əs), c.125–c.202, Greek theologian, bishop of Lyons, and one of the Fathers of the Church. Born in Asia Minor, he was a disciple of St. Polycarp. Irenaeus went to Rome to plead for leniency toward the Montanists (see Montanism) and for those Eastern Christians who were threatened with excommunication because they did not observe the Roman date for Easter. He remained in the West and died in Gaul. Irenaeus was the earliest Father of the Church to systematize those Christian beliefs that would later be accepted as orthodox doctrine and is cited frequently by later theologians. Only two of his works survive—neither in the original Greek. The five-volume Against Heresies establishes Christian doctrine against the Gnostics and incidentally supplies much information on Gnosticism. The Epideixix is a concise exposition of Christian doctrine (tr. by J. P. Smith, Proof of the Apostolic Preaching, 1952). Feast: June 28.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Irenaeus of Lyons
Eric Osborn.
Cambridge University Press, 2001
Irenaeus and the Baptism of Jesus
Smith, Daniel A.
Theological Studies, Vol. 58, No. 4, December 1997
Rethinking "Gnosticism": An Argument for Dismantling a Dubious Category
Michael Allen Williams.
Princeton University Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Irenaeus in multiple chapters
A New Gnosticism: An Old Threat to the Church
Johnson, Luke Timothy.
Commonweal, Vol. 131, No. 19, November 5, 2004
Basic Sources of the Judaeo-Christian Tradition
Fred Berthold Jr.; Alan W. Carlsten; Klaus Penzel.
Prentice Hall, 1962
Librarian’s tip: Includes "Against the Heresies" by Irenaeus
FREE! Canon and Text of the New Testament
Caspar Rene Gregory.
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1907
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "The Age of Origen. 200-300"
The Church of Apostles and Martyrs
Henri Daniel-Rops; Audrey Butler.
Image Books, vol.1, 1960
The Early Christian Church
Philip Carrington.
Cambridge University Press, vol.1, 1957
The Christology of the New Testament
Oscar Cullmann; Shirley C. Guthrie; Charles A. M. Hall.
Westminster Press, 1959
Documents Illustrating Papal Authority, A.D. 96-454
E. Giles.
S.P.C.K., 1952
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Irenaeus"
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