Solomon Schechter

Solomon Schechter (shĕkh´tər), 1847–1915, Jewish scholar. Born in Romania, he was educated in Vienna and at the Univ. of Berlin. He went to England in 1882 and in 1890 he was made lecturer in Talmud at Cambridge; he became professor of Hebrew at University College, London, in 1899. In 1887 he published his critical edition of Avot According to Rabbi Nathan. In 1897 he traveled to Cairo and brought back to Cambridge some 100,000 manuscript fragments from the famous Cairo geniza. Among these, Schechter identified the hitherto missing Hebrew version of Ecclesiasticus. In 1902 he became president of the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York City, which he developed into a center of learning and a spiritual home of the Conservative movement. He was also the founder of the United Synagogue of America, the association of Conservative congregations. Among his books are Studies in Judaism (1896; 2d series 1908; 3d series 1924) and Some Aspects of Rabbinic Theology (1909).

See biography by N. de M. Bentwick (1938); M. Davis, The Emergence of Conservative Judaism (1963).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

FREE! Studies in Judaism: Second Series
S. Schechter.
Jewish Publication Society of America, 1908
Studies in Judaism: Third Series
S. Schechter.
The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1924
The Zionist Idea: A Historical Analysis and Reader
Arthur Hertzberg.
Jewish Publication Society, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Zionism: A Statement" by Solomon Schechter begins on p. 503
Sabbath, the Day of Delight
Abraham E. Millgram.
Jewish Publication Society of America, 1947
Librarian’s tip: "The Sabbath, a Day of Rest, Pleasure, and Delight" by Solomon Schechter begins on p. 239
Great Jewish Personalities in Modern Times
Simon Noveck.
B'nai B'rith, Dept. of Adult Jewish Education, 1960
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Solomon Schechter"
Students, Scholars, and Saints
Louis Ginzberg.
Meridian Books, 1958
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 10 "Solomon Schechter"
The Life of Torah: Readings in the Jewish Religious Experience
Jacob Neusner.
Dickenson Publishing, 1974
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 16 "Mitzvah" and Chap. 17 "The Joy of the Torah" by Solomon Schechter
Eternal Faith, Eternal People: A Journey into Judaism
Leo Trepp.
Prentice Hall, 1962
Jewish Continuity in America: Creative Survival in a Free Society
Abraham J. Karp.
University of Alabama Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "American Rabbis for America: Solomon Schechter Comes to the Seminary"
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