Theodor Herzl

Theodor Herzl (tā´ōdôr hĕr´tsəl), 1860–1904, Hungarian Jew, founder of modern Zionism. Sent to Paris as a correspondent for the Vienna Neue Frei Presse, he reported on the Dreyfus affair. Appalled by the vicious anti-Semitism he observed, he decided that Jewish assimilation in Europe was impossible and that the only solution to the Jewish problem was the establishment of a Jewish national state. He stated his ideas in his famous pamphlet, Der Judenstaat, first published in 1896. Herzl organized the first Zionist World Congress (1897) and served as its president from its inception until his death. In 1949 his body was moved from Vienna to Jerusalem, for burial with the highest honors by the Israeli nation.

See his diaries (ed. by R. Patai, tr. 1960); biographies by A. Bein (tr. 1962), D. Stewart (1974), and N. H. Finkelstein (1987); I. Friedman and H. M. Sacher, ed., Herzl's Political Activity, 1897–1904 (1988).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Theodor Herzl: Founder of Political Zionism
Israel Cohen.
Thomas Yoseloff, 1959
Theodore Herzl: A Biography
Alex Bein; Maurice Samuel.
Jewish Publication Society of America, 1941
Dori, the Life and Times of Theodor Herzl in Budapest (1860-1878)
Andrew Handler.
University of Alabama, 1983
The Jewish State: The Struggle for Israel's Soul
Yoram Hazony.
Basic Books, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Herzl as Statesman: The Creation of a Jewish State of Mind"
History of Zionism: A Handbook and Dictionary
Hershel Edelheit; Abfaham J. Edelheit.
Westview Press, 2000
The Zionist Idea: A Historical Analysis and Reader
Arthur Hertzberg.
Jewish Publication Society, 1997
Parallels Meet: Religion and Nationalism in the Early Zionist Movement (1882-1904)
Ehud Luz; Lenn J. Schramm.
Jewish Publication Society, 1988
Great Jewish Thinkers of the Twentieth Century: Edited with Introductory Essays
Simon Noveck.
B'nai B'rith, Dept. of Adult Jewish Education, 1963
Great Jewish Personalities in Modern Times
Simon Noveck.
B'nai B'rith, Dept. of Adult Jewish Education, 1960
If I Forget Thee, O Jerusalem: American Jews and the State of Israel
Robert Silverberg.
William Morrow, 1970
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