Christian Coalition

Christian Coalition, organization founded to advance the agenda of political and social conservatives, mostly comprised of evangelical Protestant Republicans, and to preserve what it deems traditional American values. It was established (1989) by Pat Robertson after he failed to win the 1988 Republican presidential nomination. Based in Chesapeake, Va., the group has about 2 million members and some 2,000 local chapters in 50 states. It lobbies in support of traditional religious and family values, market capitalism, and school choice and prayer and opposes secular influence in the United States, abortion, and gun control. The organization, which, through wide dissemination of voter guides, has supported some political candidates and opposed others, was very influential during the 1990s under the leadership (1989–97) of executive director Ralph Reed. By 1999, however, when Robertson assumed a more active role in the group's direction, its membership was dropping, debts mounting, and influence waning. That same year the Coalition lost its tax-exempt status and divided into two parts: the Christian Coalition International, its taxable political arm, and the Christian Coalition of America, tax-exempt and concentrating on voter education. Robertson resigned as the group's president in 2001.

See J. Watson, The Christian Coalition: Dreams of Restoration, Demands for Recognition (1997).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Political Agendas for Education: From the Religious Right to the Green Party
Joel Spring.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2002 (2nd edition)
God at the Grass Roots: The Christian Right in the 1994 Elections
Mark J. Rozell; Clyde Wilcox.
Rowman & Littlefield, 1995
Onward Christian Soldiers? The Religious Right in American Politics
Clyde Wilcox.
Westview Press, 1996
God's Name in Vain: The Wrongs and Rights of Religion in Politics
Stephen L. Carter.
Basic Books, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Politics, Not Elections"
Conservative Protestant Politics
Steve Bruce.
Oxford University Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "The Christian Right in the USA"
The Christian Coalition: Born Again? with Help from a New TV Preacher and a Dose of Old-Time Religion, Roberta Combs Hopes to Resurrect the Christian Coalition
Conn, Joseph L.
Church & State, Vol. 55, No. 10, November 2002
Shotgun Wedding: Notes on Public Education's Encounter with the New Christian Right
Kaplan, George R.
Phi Delta Kappan, Vol. 75, No. 9, May 1994
Right-Wing Politics and the Anti-Immigration Cause
Diamond, Sara.
Social Justice, Vol. 23, No. 3, Fall 1996
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