creationism or creation science, belief in the biblical account of the creation of the world as described in Genesis, a characteristic especially of fundamentalist Protestantism (see fundamentalism). Advocates of creationism have campaigned to have it taught in U.S. public schools along with the theory of evolution, which they dispute. In 1981 a federal judge ruled unconstitutional an Arkansas law requiring the teaching of creationism, holding it to be religious in nature; a similar Louisiana law was overturned in 1982. In 1999, supporters of creationism in Kansas succeeded in removing the requirement that evolution be taught as part of the state's high school biology curriculum, but after several supporters of the measure were not reelected to the state school board that decision was reversed in 2001. Fundamentalist Christians have also opposed the teaching of scientific theories concerning the formation of the universe (see cosmology). See also intelligent design.

See E. C. Scott, Evolution vs. Creationism (2004); M. Ruse, The Evolution-Creation Struggle (2005); M. Berkman and E. Plutzer, Evolution, Creationism, and the Battle to Control America's Classrooms (2010).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Science and Creationism
Ashley Montagu.
Oxford University Press, 1984
Constructing The Beginning: Discourses of Creation Science
Simon Locke.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1999
In the Beginning-- A Scientist Shows Why the Creationists Are Wrong
Chris McGowan.
Prometheus Books, 1984
American Genesis: The Antievolution Controversies from Scopes to Creation Science
Jeffrey P. Moran.
Oxford University Press, 2012
The Mythmaker's Magic: Behind the Illusion of Creation Science
Delos B. McKown.
Prometheus Books, 1993
God's Own Scientists: Creationists in a Secular World
Christopher P. Toumey.
Rutgers University Press, 1994
Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond
Paul F. Lurquin; Linda Stone.
Oxford University Press, 2007
Philosophy of Biology
Elliott Sober.
Westview Press, 2000 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 2 "Creationism"
Summer for the Gods: The Scopes Trial and America's Continuing Debate over Science and Religion
Edward J. Larson.
Basic Books, 1997
Darwinism in the Press: The Evolution of An Idea
Edward Caudill.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1989
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Creationism and The Continuing Conflict"
The Natural History Reader in Evolution
Niles Eldredge.
Columbia University Press, 1987
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 26 "The Flood of Antievolutiornism"
Creationism's Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design
Barbara Forrest; Paul R. Gross.
Oxford University Press, 2004
The Creation/Evolution Controversy: A Battle for Cultural Power
Kary Doyle Smout.
Praeger, 1998
In God's Garden
Cohen, Jonathan R.
The Hastings Center Report, Vol. 29, No. 4, July 1999
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
`Evolution' Loses Its Grip
Roberts, Paul Craig.
Insight on the News, Vol. 15, No. 34, September 13, 1999
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