Church Music

church music:1 Music intended for performance as part of services of worship. With few exceptions, music is essential to the ritual of every religion; the singing of prayers and portions of Scripture is part of Judaeo-Christian tradition, and a large number of melodies for specific parts of the liturgy were embodied in the medieval collection of church music called Gregorian chant. Additional musical settings of liturgy from later times to the present have added to the liturgical repertory. Such customary interpolations in the service as the motet, chorale, and hymn have achieved an integral place in many church services. This is also true of the Anglican anthem and was at one time true of the Lutheran cantata. See anthem; antiphon; cantata; chant; chorale; hymn; Mass; motet; plainsong. 2 Music intended for performance in a church outside the regular worship service. This may include works taken from the repertory above as well as music of religious content, e.g., oratorios or sacred cantatas and instrumental music that is not specifically secular in nature. See cantata; carol; oratorio.

See E. Routley, Twentieth-Century Church Music (1964); E. H. Fellowes, English Cathedral Music (5th ed. 1969); E. Dickinson, Music in the History of the Western Church (1902, repr. 1970); R. C. Von Ende, Church Music: An International Bibliography (1980); C. Page, The Christian West and Its Singers: The First Thousand Years (2010).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The History of American Church Music
Leonard Ellinwood.
Morehouse-Gorham, 1953
Music in Worship: The Use of Music in the Church Service
Joseph N. Ashton.
Pilgrim Press, 1943 (2nd edition)
The History of Catholic Church Music
Karl Gustav Fellerer; Francis A. Brunner.
Helicon Press, 1961
Tudor Church Music
Denis Stevens.
Merlin Press, 1955
Palestrina and the German Romantic Imagination: Interpreting Historicism in Nineteenth-Century Music
James Garratt.
Cambridge University Press, 2002
A History of Byzantine Music and Hymnography
Egon Wellesz.
Clarendon Press, 1961 (2nd edition)
FREE! Music in the History of the Western Church: With An Introduction on Religious Music among the Primitive and Ancient Peoples
Edward Dickinson.
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1902
Spanish Cathedral Music in the Golden Age
Robert Stevenson.
University of California Press, 1961
Wiser Than Despair: The Evolution of Ideas in the Relationship of Music and the Christian Church
Quentin Faulkner.
Greenwood Press, 1996
The English Plainchant Revival
Bennett Zon.
Oxford University, 1998
Anglican Chant and Chanting in England, Scotland, and America, 1660-1820
Ruth M. Wilson.
Oxford University, 1996
Holy Concord within Sacred Walls: Nuns and Music in Siena, 1575-1700
Colleen Reardon.
Oxford University Press, 2002
The Advent Project: The Later-Seventh-Century Creation of the Roman Mass Proper
James McKinnon.
University of California Press, 2000
Holy Brotherhood: Romani Music in a Hungarian Pentecostal Church
Barbara Rose Lange.
Oxford University Press, 2003
Neither Voice nor Heart Alone: German Lutheran Theology of Music in the Age of the Baroque
Joyce L. Irwin.
Peter Lang, 1993
Early New England Psalmody: An Historical Appreciation, 1620-1820
Hamilton C. MacDougall.
Stephen Daye Press, 1940
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