Paul Tillich

Tillich, Paul Johannes

Paul Johannes Tillich (tĬl´Ĭk), 1886–1965, American philosopher and theologian, b. Germany, educated at the universities of Berlin, Tübingen, Halle, and Breslau. In 1912 he was ordained a minister of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. He taught theology at the universities of Berlin, Marburg, Dresden, and Leipzig and philosophy at the Univ. of Frankfurt until he was dismissed in 1933 because of his opposition to the Nazi regime. In the same year, at the invitation of Reinhold Niebuhr, he went to the United States and joined the faculty of Union Theological Seminary. In 1954 he became a professor at Harvard; in 1962 he became Nuveen professor of theology at the Univ. of Chicago. His theological system embraced the concept of "the Protestant Principle," according to which every Yes must have its corresponding No, and no human truth is ultimate. Faith, to Tillich, was "ultimate concern," and God was "the God above God," the "Ground of Being," or "Being-Itself." "New Being," rather than "salvation," should be the human goal. Tillich incorporated depth psychology and existentialist philosophy into his system and considered them essential elaborations of Christian doctrine. He aimed at a correlation of the questions arising out of the human condition and the divine answers drawn from the symbolism of Christian revelation. The great questions, in his classification, dealt with being, existence, and life. His writings include The Interpretation of History (tr. 1936), The Protestant Era (tr. 1948), The Shaking of the Foundations (1948), Systematic Theology, (3 vol., 1951–63), The Courage to Be (1952), Love, Power, and Justice (1954), Biblical Religion and the Search for Ultimate Reality (1955), The New Being (1955), Dynamics of Faith (1957), Christianity and the Encounter of the World Religions (1963), My Search for Absolutes (1967), My Travel Diary: 1936, ed. by J. C. Brauer (1970), and A History of Christian Thought, ed. by C. E. Braaten (1972).

See the reminiscences by his wife, Hanna (1973) and R. May (1973); C. J. Armbruster, The Vision of Paul Tillich (1967); J. R. Lyons, ed., The Intellectual Legacy of Paul Tillich (1969); L. F. Wheat, Paul Tillich's Dialectical Humanism (1970).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Theology of Paul Tillich
Charles W. Kegley; Robert W. Bretall.
Macmillan, 1952
Paul Tillich: An Appraisal
J. Heywood Thomas.
Westminster Press, 1963
The New Being
P. U. Tillich.
University of Nebraska Press, 2005
The Existentialist Theology of Paul Tillich
Bernard Martin.
Bookman Associates, 1963
The System and the Gospel: A Critique of Paul Tillich
Kenneth Hamilton.
Macmillan, 1963
The Existentialists and God: Being and the Being of God in the Thought of Soren Kierkegaard, Karl Jaspers, Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre, Paul Tillich, Etienne Gilson [And] Karl Barth
Arthur C. Cochrane.
Westminster Press, 1956
Paul Tillich on the Institutions of Capitalism
Clary, Betsy Jane.
Review of Social Economy, Vol. 52, No. 3, Fall 1994
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Religion and Sexism: Images of Woman in the Jewish and Christian Traditions
Rosemary Radford Ruether.
Simon and Schuster, 1974
Librarian’s tip: "The Protestant Principle: A Woman's-Eye View of Barth and Tillich" begins on p. 319
Communism and the Theologians: Study of An Encounter
Charles C. West.
Westminster Press, 1958
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "Religious Socialism: Paul Tillich"
Theology of Culture
Paul Tillich; Robert C. Kimball.
Oxford University Press, 1964
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