John Muir

John Muir, 1838–1914, American naturalist, b. Dunbar, Scotland, studied at the Univ. of Wisconsin. He came to the United States in 1849 and settled in California in 1868. In recognition of his efforts as a conservationist and crusader for national parks and reservations, Muir Woods National Monument was named for him. He made extended trips throughout the country, often on foot; he also traveled in Alaska (discovering Muir glacier) and in Russia, India, and Australia. His books include The Mountains of California (1894), The Story of My Boyhood and Youth (1913), Steep Trails (1918). John of the Mountains (1938; ed. by L. M. Wolfe) contains his journals.

See biographies by W. F. Bade (2 vol., 1924, repr. 1972), L. M. Wolfe (1945, repr. 2003), and D. Worster (2008); study by R. Silverberg (1972).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

A Passion for Nature: The Life of John Muir
Donald Worster.
Oxford University Press, 2008
John Muir: Rediscovering America
Frederick Turner.
Perseus Pub., 1985
FREE! The Story of My Boyhood and Youth
John Muir.
Houghton Mifflin Company, 1913
FREE! Travels in Alaska
John Muir.
Houghton Mifflin Company, 1915
FREE! Steep Trails
John Muir; William Frederick Badè.
Houghton Mifflin, 1918
FREE! My First Summer in the Sierra
John Muir.
Houghton Mifflin Company, 1911
The Environmental Debate: A Documentary History
Peninah Neimark; Peter Rhoades Mott.
Greenwood Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Document 68: John Muir, James Phelan, and the Battle over the Flooding of the Hetch Hetchy Valley (1908-1913)" begins on p. 131
The Value of a Tree: Public Debates of John Muir and Gifford Pinchot
Smith, Michael B.
The Historian, Vol. 60, No. 4, Summer 1998
The Life and Letters of John Muir
William Frederic Badè.
Houghton Mifflin, vol.1, 1924
Dreamers & Defenders: American Conservationists
Douglas H. Strong.
University of Nebraska Press, 1988
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 4 "John Muir"
The Quiet Crisis
Stewart L. Udall.
Holt Rinehart and Winston, 1963
Librarian’s tip: Chap. IX "Wild and Park Lands: John Muir"
Four Land Ethics: Order, Reform, Responsibility, Opportunity
Bosselman, Fred.
Environmental Law, Vol. 24, No. 4, October 1994
Biographical Dictionary of American and Canadian Naturalists and Environmentalists
Keir B. Sterling; Richard P. Harmond; George A. Cevasco; Lorne F. Hammond.
Greenwood Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Muir, John" begins on p. 563
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