12-Step Programs

Alcoholics Anonymous

Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), worldwide organization dedicated to the treatment of alcoholics; founded 1935 by two alcoholics, one a New York broker, the other an Ohio physician. They developed a 12-step program that has made coping with alcoholism possible for countless people. It includes psychological principles that have long been used in the reorganization of personality. The organization functions through local groups that have no constitutions, officers, or dues. Anyone with a drinking problem may become a member. There are presently over 99,000 local groups in the United States; worldwide membership is approximately 2 million. Other groups patterned on AA include Narcotics Anonymous, Overeaters Anonymous, and Gamblers Anonymous.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Clinician's Guide to 12-Step Programs: How, When, and Why to Refer a Client
Jan Parker; Diana L. Guest.
Auburn House, 1999
Cultural Politics and Social Movements
Marcy Darnovsky; Barbara Epstein; Richard Flacks.
Temple University Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "The Twelve-Step Movement and Advanced Capitalist Culture: The Politics of Self-Control in Postmodernity"
Clinical Work with Substance-Abusing Clients
Shulamith Lala Ashenberg Straussner.
Guilford Press, 2004
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "12-Step Programs as a Treatment Modality"
The Selfish Brain: Learning from Addiction
Robert L. Dupont.
American Psychiatric Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Twelve-Step Programs: A Modern Miracle"
The Paradox of Powerlessness: Gender, Sex, and Power in 12-Step Groups
Herndon, Sandra L.
Women and Language, Vol. 24, No. 2, Fall 2001
Professional Interventions That Facilitate 12-Step Self-Help Group Involvement
Humphreys, Keith.
Alcohol Research, Vol. 23, No. 2, Spring 1999
Twelve-Step Recovery and Community Service
Kurtz, Linda Farris; Fisher, Michael.
Health and Social Work, Vol. 28, No. 2, May 2003
Spirituality and the Secular Quest
Peter H. Van Ness.
Crossroad Publishing, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 11 "Twelve-Step Programs"
Sex and Love: Addiction, Treatment, and Recovery
Eric Griffin-Shelley.
Praeger, 1991
Librarian’s tip: "Twelve-Step Programs: H.O.W." begins on p. 92
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