Agent Orange

Agent Orange,herbicide used by U.S. forces during the Vietnam War to expose enemy guerrilla forces in forested areas. Agent Orange contains varying amounts of dioxin. Exposure to the defoliant has been linked with chemical acne, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, soft-tissue sarcoma, and hairy-cell leukemia. Many soldiers were exposed to Agent Orange in the Vietnam War. Afflicted veterans brought a class-action suit against manufacturers of Agent Orange, which was settled out of court by the establishment of a fund to compensate them and their families for any disabilities. That settlement, however, covered only those who became ill by 1994 and, as a result of a 2003 Supreme Court decision, veterans who became ill after 1994 can sue the herbicide's manufacturers. The herbicide has also been blamed for a significantly higher than normal rate of birth defects in areas of Vietnam that were sprayed; tests have shown persistent high levels of dioxin in the local environment and in people living there. Since 2006 the United States and Vietnam have worked together on problems in Vietnam resulting from the herbicide's use.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Waiting for An Army to Die: The Tragedy of Agent Orange
Fred A. Wilcox.
Seven Locks Press, 1999
Dioxin, Agent Orange: The Facts
Michael Gough.
Plenum Press, 1986
The Invention of Ecocide: Agent Orange, Vietnam, and the Scientists Who Changed the Way We Think about the Environment
David Zierler.
University of Georgia Press, 2011
Agent Orange on Trial: Mass Toxic Disasters in the Courts
Peter H. Schuck.
Belknap-Harvard University Press, 1987 (Enlarged edition)
Dioxin in Vietnam: Fighting a Legacy of War
Booker, Susan M.
Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 109, No. 3, March 2001
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
A Geographic Information System for Characterizing Exposure to Agent Orange and Other Herbicides in Vietnam. (Research)
Stellman, Jeanne M.; Stellman, Steven D.; Weber, Tracy; Tomasallo, Carrie; Stellman, Andrew B.; Christian, Richard, Jr.
Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 111, No. 3, March 2003
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Healing the Wounds of War? A Discussion of Agent Orange Compensation Programmes in the United States and Vietnam
Palmer, Michael G.
International Journal of Comparative Sociology, Vol. 44, No. 3, October 2003
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Limits of Law: Essays on Democratic Governance
Peter H. Schuck.
Westview Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Agent Orange" begins on p. 53
Handbook of Post-Traumatic Therapy
Mary Beth Williams; John F. Sommer Jr.
Greenwood Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Agent Orange begins on p. 531
The Responsible Judge: Readings in Judicial Ethics
John T. Noonan Jr.; Kenneth I. Winston.
Praeger, 1993
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Agent Orange begins on p. 223
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