hydrocephalus (hī´drəsĕf´ələs), also known as water on the brain, developmental (congenital) or acquired condition in which there is an abnormal accumulation of body fluids within the skull. The congenital form may be associated with other abnormalities. The acquired form may follow meningitis or another cerebral inflammation or tumor. The accumulation of fluid causes compression of the brain and enlargement of the skull, sometimes with separation of bone structures. Paralysis and death may result or, at the least, mental retardation. Many forms of therapy, including surgery, have been attempted, but usually without much success in extreme cases.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Atypical Cognitive Deficits in Developmental Disorders: Implications for Brain Function
Sarah H. Broman; Jordan Grafman.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "Hydrocephalus" begins on p. 314
Recovery after Traumatic Brain Injury
B. P. Uzzell; Henry H. Stonnington.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1996
Librarian’s tip: "Hydrocephalus and Epilepsy" begins on p. 45
Handbook of Psychology and Health
Andrew F. Baum; Jerome E. Singer.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, vol.2, 1982
Librarian’s tip: "What is Known About the General Intellectual Functioning of Children with Hydrocephalus?" begins on p. 216
Ethical Issues in Nursing
Geoffrey Hunt.
Routledge, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus" begins on p. 91
Reading Comprehension Difficulties: Processes and Intervention
Cesare Cornoldi; Jane Oakhill.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Hydrocephalus begins on p. 251
Maternal Rights, Fetal Harms
Strong, Carson; Kinlaw, Kathy.
The Hastings Center Report, Vol. 21, No. 3, May-June 1991
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Intelligence and Its Deviations
Mandel Sherman; Albert T. Poffenberger.
The Ronald Press Co., 1945
Librarian’s tip: "Hydrocephalus" begins on p. 145
Dictionary of Mental Handicap
Mary P. Lindsey.
Routledge, 1989
Librarian’s tip: "Hydrocephalus/Hydrocephaly" begins on p. 157
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