Jonas Salk

Salk, Jonas Edward

Jonas Edward Salk, 1914–95, American physician and microbiologist, b. New York City, B.S. College of the City of New York, 1934, M.D. New York Univ. College of Medicine, 1939. He did research on the influenza virus at the Univ. of Michigan, in 1946 became assistant professor of epidemiology there, and in 1947 went to the Univ. of Pittsburgh. In 1963 he became director of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in San Diego; he retired in 1975. He was renowned for his work in developing a vaccine against poliomyelitis. The Salk vaccine is made by cultivating three strains of the virus separately in monkey tissue. The virus is separated from the tissue, stored for a week, and killed with formaldehyde; tests are then made to make certain that it is dead. A series of three or four injections with the killed-virus vaccine is required to confer immunity.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Many Faces of Science: An Introduction to Scientists, Values, and Society
Leslie Stevenson; Henry Byerly.
Westview Press, 1995
Librarian’s tip: "Salk: Fame and Controversy from a Polio Vaccine" begins on p. 115
Viruses, Plagues, and History
Michael B. A. Oldstone.
Oxford University Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Poliomyelitis"
Immunization: The Reality behind the Myth
Walene James.
Bergin & Garvey, 1995 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Polio" begins on p. 35
In the Shadow of Polio: A Personal and Social History
Kathryn Black.
Addison-Wesley, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Jonas Salk begins on p. 218
Historical Dictionary of the 1950s
James S. Olson.
Greenwood Press, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Jonas Salk begins on p. 225 and "Salk Vaccine" begins on p. 257
Laboratory Life: The Construction of Scientific Facts
Bruno Latour; Steve Woolgar; Jonas Salk.
Princeton University Press, 1986
Librarian’s tip: "Introduction" by Jonas Salk
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