Kurt Godel

Gödel, Kurt

Kurt Gödel (gö´dəl), 1906–78, American mathematician and logician, b. Brünn (now Brno, Czech Republic), grad. Univ. of Vienna (Ph.D., 1930). He came to the United States in 1940 and was naturalized in 1948. He was a member of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, until 1953, when he became professor of mathematics at Princeton. He is best known for his work in mathematical logic, particularly for his theorem (1931) stating that the various branches of mathematics are based in part on propositions that are not provable within the system itself, although they may be proved by means of logical (metamathematical) systems external to mathematics. Gödel shared the 1951 Albert Einstein Award for achievement in the natural sciences with Julian Schwinger, Harvard mathematical physicist. His writings include Foundations of Mathematics (1969).

See H. Wang, Reflections on Kurt Gödel (1987); E. Nagel et al., Gödel's Proof (rev. ed. 2001); R. Goldstein, The Proof and Paradox of Kurt Gödel (2005); P. Yourgrau, A World without Time: The Forgotten Legacy of Gödel and Einstein (2005).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Godel: A Life of Logic
John L. Casti; Werner DePauli.
Perseus Pub., 2000
Godel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid
Douglas R. Hofstadter.
Basic Books, 1999
Godel's Theorem in Focus
S. G. Shanker.
Routledge, 1989
Godel's Proof
Ernest Nagel; James R. Newman.
Routledge, 1989
The Infinite
A. W. Moore.
Routledge, 1991
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 12 "Godel's Theorem"
The Conceptual Roots of Mathematics: An Essay on the Philosophy of Mathematics
J. R. Lucas.
Routledge, 2000
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "The Implications of Godel's Theorem"
In the Light of Logic
Solomon Feferman.
Oxford University Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Part III "Godel"
Facing Facts
Stephen Neale.
Clarendon Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Godel: Facts and Descriptions"
Naturalism in Mathematics
Penelope Maddy.
Clarendon, 2000
Librarian’s tip: "Godelian Realism" begins on p. 89 and "A Second Godelian Theme" begins on p. 172
Mathematics, Education, and Philosophy: An International Perspective
Paul Ernest.
Falmer Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 13 "Skolem and Godel"
Applying the Laws of Logic to the Logic of Law
Bavli, Hillel.
Fordham Urban Law Journal, Vol. 33, No. 3, March 2006
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