George Westinghouse

George Westinghouse, 1846–1914, American inventor and manufacturer, b. Central Bridge, N.Y. In the Civil War he served in the Union army and navy. Among his inventions in the railroad field were a reversible frog, the air brake (1868), and automatic signal devices. The Westinghouse Air Brake Company was organized in 1869 and the Union Switch and Signal Company in 1882. Westinghouse was a pioneer in introducing into the United States the high-voltage alternating current system for transmission of electricity. In 1866 the Westinghouse Electric Company was incorporated. The inventor also patented devices for the transmission of natural gas. Over 400 patents were credited to him in his lifetime.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

George Westinghouse Commemoration: A Forum Presenting the Career and Achievements of George Westinghouse on the 90th Anniversary of His Birth
American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1937
Regulating Railroad Innovation: Business, Technology, and Politics in America, 1840-1920
Steven W. Usselman.
Cambridge University Press, 2002
Librarian’s tip: "Westinghouse and the Air Brake" begins on p. 130
The Coming of Age of American Business: Three Centuries of Enterprise, 1600-1900
Elisha P. Douglass.
University of North Carolina Press, 1971
Librarian’s tip: "Formation of General Electric and Westinghouse" begins on p. 507
The Great Organizers
Ernest Dale.
McGraw-Hill, 1960
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 5 "Centralization versus Decentralization: The Reorganization of the Westinghouse Electric Corporation, 1935-1939"
Beyond Engineering: How Society Shapes Technology
Robert Pool.
Oxford University Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of George Westinghouse begins on p. 110
Concentration of Control in American Industry
Harry W. Laidler.
Thomas Y. Crowell, 1931
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of George Westinghouse begins on p. 105
Engines of Democracy: Inventions and Society in Mature America
Roger Burlingame.
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1940
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of George Westinghouse begins on p. 49
Light for the World: Edison and the Power Industry
Robert Silverberg.
D. Van Nostrand, 1967
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of George Westinghouse begins on p. 232
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