Stephen Jay Gould

Stephen Jay Gould, 1941–2002, American paleontologist and science writer, b. Queens, New York; grad. Antioch College (B.S., 1963), Columbia Univ. (Ph.D., 1967). With Niles Eldredge, Gould proposed (1972) the evolutionary theory of "punctuated equilibrium," which states that in geologic time and strata, the appearance of a new species occurs suddenly and without the continuous slow accretion of tiny variations, due to the nature of the evolutionary process and the relationship between the evolutionary and geologic timescales (see evolution); and that the new species then persists virtually unchanged in the fossil record for perhaps millions of years. The "missing links" in evolutionary development sought since the time of Charles Darwin are thus unlikely to be found. Elaboration of these concepts has led to extensive scientific debate. Gould addressed these and other aspects of evolutionary thought in his magnum opus, The Structure of Evolutionary Theory (2002). He began his lifelong teaching career at Harvard in 1967 and wrote many other books, including Ontogeny and Phylogeny (1977), The Mismeasure of Man (1981), Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History (1989), and the posthumously published The Hedgehog, the Fox, and the Magister's Pox (2003), as well as essay collections drawn from his popular articles in Natural History magazine. Gould was also an avid baseball fan; his Triumph and Tragedy in Mudville, an essay collection, was also published posthumously in 2003.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Stephen Jay Gould: Reflections on His View of Life
Warren D. Allmon; Patricia H. Kelley; Robert M. Ross.
Oxford University Press, 2009
The Mismeasure of Man
Stephen Jay Gould.
W. W. Norton, 1996 (Revised edition)
Eight Little Piggies: Reflections in Natural History
Stephen Jay Gould.
W. W. Norton & Company, 1993
Bully for Brontosaurus: Reflections in Natural History
Stephen Jay Gould.
Norton, 1991
The Flamingo's Smile: Reflections in Natural History
Stephen Jay Gould.
W. W. Norton & Company, 1987
Ever since Darwin: Reflections in Natural History
Stephen Jay Gould.
Norton, 1977
The Panda's Thumb: More Reflections in Natural History
Stephen Jay Gould.
W. W. Norton & Company, 1980
Hen's Teeth and Horse's Toes
Stephen Jay Gould.
W. W. Norton & Company, 1984
Stephen Jay Gould and the Contingent Nature of History
McRae, Murdo William.
CLIO, Vol. 22, No. 3, Spring 1993
An Interview with Stephen J. Gould: Joltin' Joe and the Pursuit of Excellence
Golberg, Mark F.
Phi Delta Kappan, Vol. 78, No. 5, January 1997
Leaving the Cave: Evolutionary Naturalism in Social-Scientific Thought
Pat Duffy Hutcheon.
Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Twenty-Four "Modern Evolutionary Theory: Richard Dawkins and Stephen Jay Gould"
Predictions: [30 Great Minds on the Future]
Sian Griffiths.
Oxford University Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Stephen Jay Gould" begins on p. 139
The Apotheosis of Stephen Jay Gould. (Notebook)
Gross, Paul R.
New Criterion, Vol. 21, No. 2, October 2002
Science and Creationism
Ashley Montagu.
Oxford University Press, 1984
The Science and Religion Wars
Singham, Mano.
Phi Delta Kappan, Vol. 81, No. 6, February 2000
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