Thomas Henry Huxley

Thomas Henry Huxley, 1825–95, English biologist and educator, grad. Charing Cross Hospital, 1845. Huxley gave up his own biological research to become an influential scientific publicist and was the principal exponent of Darwinism in England. An agnostic (see agnosticism), he doubted all things not immediately open to logical analysis and scientific verification. He held up truth as an ideal and spoke and wrote frequently on its tool, the scientific method, and its yield, the evolutionary theory. He placed human ethics outside the scope of the materialistic processes of evolution; he believed that civilization is man's protest against nature and that progress is achieved by the human control of evolution. Huxley held numerous public offices, serving on 10 royal commissions (1862–84). His many works include Evolution and Ethics (1893), Collected Essays (9 vol., 1893–94), Scientific Memoirs (4 vol., 1898–1902), and an autobiography (1903).

See selected writings, ed. by C. Bibby (1967); biographies by Huxley's son Leonard (1920, repr. 1969) and C. Bibby (1972).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Thomas Henry Huxley
William Irvine.
Longmans, Green, 1960
Huxley: From Devil's Disciple to Evolution's High Priest
Adrian Desmond.
Perseus Books, 1999
FREE! Lay Sermons, Addresses, and Reviews
Thomas Henry Huxley.
D. Appleton & Company, 1871
FREE! Autobiography and Selected Essays
Thomas Henry Huxley; Ada L. F. Snell.
The Riverside Press Cambridge, 1909
FREE! Science and Culture: And Other Essays
Thomas Henry Huxley.
D. Appleton & Company, 1882
FREE! Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley
Leonard Huxley; Thomas Henry Huxley.
New York D. Appleton and Company, vol.1, 1901
FREE! Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley
Leonard Huxley.
D. Appleton & Co., vol.2, 1901
Infidels and Heretics: An Agnostic's Anthology
Clarence Darrow; Wallace Rice.
Stratford, 1929
Librarian’s tip: "Agnosticism" by Thomas Henry Huxley begins on p. 3
Darwinism: Critical Reviews from Dublin Review, Edinburgh Review, Quarterly Review
Alfred Russell Wallace; Thomas Henry Huxley; James Rowland Angell; J. Mark Baldwin; Francis Galton; Daniel N. Robinson.
University Publications of America, 1977
Librarian’s tip: "Evolution and Ethics" by Thomas Henry Huxley begins on p. 191
Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution
Gertrude Himmelfarb.
Doubleday, 1959
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Huxley begins on p. 203
The Mid-Victorian Generation, 1846-1886
K. Theodore Hoppen.
Clarendon Press, 1998
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Huxley begins on p. 488
Good Tidings: The Belief in Progress from Darwin to Marcuse
W. Warren Wagar.
Indiana University Press, 1972
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 15 "Science and the Human Prospect"
Darwin: Competition & Cooperation
Ashley Montagu.
Henry Schuman, 1952
Librarian’s tip: "Huxley vs. Kropotkin--Competition vs. Co-operation" begins on p. 38
Death in the Victorian Family
Pat Jalland.
Oxford University Press, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 17 "'A Solitude beyond the Reach of God or Man': Victorian Agnostics and Death"
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