Maori People


Maori (mä´ōrē), people of New Zealand and the Cook Islands, believed to have migrated in early times from other islands of Polynesia. Maori tradition asserts that seven canoes brought their ancestors to New Zealand. The Maori language is closely related to Tahitian, Hawaiian, and other languages spoken on the islands lying E of Samoa in the South Pacific. In the early 19th cent., at the end of their war against European encroachment, the Maori in New Zealand numbered about 100,000. The number later dwindled to 40,000. Largely through the efforts of their own chiefs, however, they have reemerged as an economically self-sufficient minority in New Zealand, and their population today is more than 500,000. The Maori maintain their own cultural identity apart from the general New Zealand community, while at the same time sending representatives to parliament. Since the 1970s the Maoris and the government have negotiated several settlements of land and other claims lodged by various Maori groups; the claims date back to the 19th cent., when land was seized by British colonists in violation of the Treaty of Waitangi. See also New Zealand.

See A. J. Metge, Maoris of New Zealand (1967); W. Forman and D. Lewis, The Maori (1984); J. Irwin, An Introduction to Maori Religion (1984).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Maori and the Crown: An Indigenous People's Struggle for Self-Determination
Dora Alves.
Greenwood Press, 1999
A Concise Encyclopedia of Maori Myth and Legend
Margaret Orbell.
Canterbury University Press, 1998
The Long Dispute: Maori Land Rights and European Colonisation in Southern New Zealand
Harry C. Evison.
Canterbury University Press, 1997
Maori Psychology: A Long Way from Imago, He Ara Roa Tonu (1)
Glover, Marewa; Hirini, Paul.
New Zealand Journal of Psychology, Vol. 34, No. 1, March 2005
Educational Achievement in Maori: The Roles of Cultural Identity and Social Disadvantage
Marie, Dannette; Fergusson, David M.; Boden, Joseph M.
Australian Journal of Education, Vol. 52, No. 2, August 2008
The Multi-Dimensional Model of Maori Identity and Cultural Engagement
Houkamau, Carla A.; Sibley, Chris G.
New Zealand Journal of Psychology, Vol. 39, No. 1, March 2010
Maori Tribalism and Post-Settler Nationhood in New Zealand
Sissons, Jeffrey.
Oceania, Vol. 75, No. 1, September 2004
Telling Stories: Indigenous History and Memory in Australia and New Zealand
Bain Attwood; Fiona Magowan.
Allen & Unwin, 2001
The Origins of the First New Zealanders
Douglas G. Sutton.
Auckland University Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: Includes discussion of the Maori people in multiple chapters
Measuring Maori in Australia: Insights and Obstacles
Hamer, Paul.
Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, No. 36, August 2009
Maori Socio-Political Organization in Pre- and Proto-History: On the Evolution of Post-Colonial Constructs
Van Meijl, Toon.
Oceania, Vol. 65, No. 4, June 1995
Waihou Journeys: The Archaeology of 400 Years of Maori Settlement
Caroline Phillips.
Auckland University Press, 2000
Painted Histories: Early Maori Figurative Painting
Roger Neich.
Auckland University Press, 1993
Writing along Broken Lines: Violence and Ethnicity in Contemporary Maori Fiction
Otto Heim.
Auckland University Press, 1998
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