Homeless Children


homelessness, the condition of not having a permanent place to live, widely perceived as a societal problem only beginning in the 1980s. Estimates of the number of homeless people in the United States are imprecise, but in the late 1990s ranged from 700,000 per night to 2 million per year. A survey made in 1994 found that 12 million Americans had experienced homelessness at some point in their lives; the vast majority of those who are homeless consists of single men and families with children. The problem exists in all major cities and many smaller communities. The causes range from large-scale deinstitutionalization of mentally ill people to disintegration of the social fabric in minority communities, drug and alcohol abuse, relatively stagnant wages at lower income levels, cutbacks in federal social-welfare programs, job loss, reductions in public housing, and rent increases and real-estate speculation. The McKinney Act (1987) established federal support for the building and maintenance of emergency homeless shelters; some 3,700 agencies and organizations now operate shelters.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Our Runaway and Homeless Youth: A Guide to Understanding
Natasha Slesnick.
Praeger, 2004
Homeless Children: Problems and Needs
Panos Vostanis; Stuart Cumella.
Jessica Kingsley, 1999
Moving to Nowhere: Children's Stories of Homelessness
Mary E. Walsh.
Auburn House, 1992
The State of Homeless Children in the United States
Kabler, Brenda; Weinstein, Elana.
National Association of School Psychologists. Communique, Vol. 38, No. 4, December 2009
Homelessness among Students
Curriculum Review, Vol. 51, No. 3, November 2011
Substance Abuse Disorders among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents
Johnson, Kurt D.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.
Journal of Drug Issues, Vol. 35, No. 4, Fall 2005
Victimization and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Runaway and Homeless Adolescents
Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Johnson, Kurt D.; Chen, Xiaojin.
Violence and Victims, Vol. 22, No. 6, January 1, 2007
Street Kids: Homeless Youth, Outreach, and Policing New York's Streets
Kristina E. Gibson.
New York University Press, 2011
Answering the Call: Facilitating Responsive Services for Students Experiencing Homelessness
Grothaus, Tim; Lorelle, Sonya; Anderson, Kie; Knight, Jasmine.
Professional School Counseling, Vol. 14, No. 3, February 2011
Helping Youths on the Streets: What One Shelter Has Learned from Years of Experience
Prewitt, Lenard D.
Behavioral Healthcare, Vol. 26, No. 5, May 2006
Gender Differences in Victimized Homeless Adolescents
Johnson, Regina Jones; Rew, Lynn; Kouzekanani, Kamiar.
Adolescence, Vol. 41, No. 161, Spring 2006
Homelessness Comes to School: How Homeless Children and Youths Can Succeed
Murphy, Joseph F.; Tobin, Kerri J.
Phi Delta Kappan, Vol. 93, No. 3, November 2011
Short- and Long-Term Homelessness and Adolescents' Self-Esteem, Depression, Locus of Control and Social Supports
Saade, Rachel; Winkelman, Cecelia.
Australian Journal of Social Issues, Vol. 37, No. 4, November 2002
Braving the Street: The Anthropology of Homelessness
Irene Glasser; Rae Bridgman.
Berghahn Books, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Homeless Children" begins on p. 23
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