Demographic Transition

demography

demography (dĬmŏg´rəfē), science of human population. Demography represents a fundamental approach to the understanding of human society. Its primary tasks are to ascertain the number of people in a given area, to determine what change that number represents from a previous census, to explain the change, and to estimate the future trends of population changes. The demographer also traces the origins of population changes and studies their impact. Demographers compile and analyze data that are useful for understanding various social systems and for establishing public policy in such areas as housing, education, and unemployment.

See K. Davis, ed., Demography Series (20 vol., 1976).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2013, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Barren States: The Population "Implosion" in Europe
Carrie B. Douglass.
Berg, 2005
The Continuing Demographic Transition
G. W. Jones; R. M. Douglas; J. C. Caldwell; R. M. D'Souza.
Clarendon Press, 1997
Dynamics of Values in Fertility Change
Richard Leete.
Oxford University, 1999
Population Growth and Socioeconomic Progress in Less Developed Countries: Determinants of Fertility Transition
Peter N. Hess.
Praeger Publishers, 1988
Population Matters: Demographic Change, Economic Growth, and Poverty in the Developing World
Nancy Birdsall; Allen C. Kelley; Steven Sinding.
Oxford University Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 7 "Cumulative Causality, Economic Growth, and the Demographic Transition"
Population Politics: The Choices That Shape Our Future
Virginia D. Abernethy.
Insight Books, 1993
Librarian’s tip: "The Demographic Transition Model" begins on p. 33
How Many People Can the Earth Support?
Joel E. Cohen.
Norton, 1995
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of demographic transition begins on p.46
The Demographic Dividend: A New Perspective on the Economic Consequences of Population Change
David E. Bloom; David Canning; Jaypee Sevilla.
Rand, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Chap. Two "Demographic Transitions and the 'Demographic Dividend'"
The Fertility Transition in Latin America
JosÉ Miguel GuzmÁn; Susheela Singh; GermÁn RodrÍguez; Edith A. Pantelides.
Clarendon Press, 1996
The Middle East's Demographic Transition: What Does It Mean?
Laipson, Ellen.
Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 56, No. 1, Fall 2002
Population Change and Economic Development in East Asia: Challenges Met, Opportunities Seized
Andrew Mason.
Stanford University Press, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 6 "Saving, Wealth, and the Demographic Transition in East Asia"
The Demography of Sociopolitical Conflict in Japan, 1721-1846
James W. White.
Institute of East Asian Studies, 1992
Transformation of the French Demographic Landscape, 1806-1906
Noël Bonneuil.
Oxford University, 1997
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