Francis Galton

Galton, Sir Francis

Sir Francis Galton (gôl´tən), 1822–1911, English scientist, founder of eugenics; cousin of Charles Darwin. He turned from exploration and meteorology (where he introduced the theory of the anticyclone) to the study of heredity and eugenics (a term that he coined). Galton devised the correlation coefficient and brought other statistical methods into this work, which was carried on by his pupil Karl Pearson as the science of biometrics. In his Hereditary Genius (1869) he presented strong evidence that talent is an inherited characteristic. Galton established a system of classifying fingerprints that is still used today. He was knighted in 1909. The best known of his books is Inquiries into Human Faculty (1883).

See his Memories of My Life (1908, repr. 1974); biographies by K. Pearson (3 vol. in 4, 1914–30), N. W. Gillham (2002), and M. Brookes (2004); study by H. F. Crovitz (1970).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Introduction Francis Galton, `Kantsaywhere' and `the Donoghues of Dunno Weir'. (Utopian Texts)
Claeys, Gregory.
Utopian Studies, Vol. 12, No. 2, Spring 2001
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Eugenics: A Reassessment
Richard Lynn.
Praeger, 2001
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 1 "Sir Francis Galton Lays the Foundations of Eugenics"
Studies in Individual Differences: The Search for Intelligence
James J. Jenkins; Donald G. Paterson.
Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1961
Librarian’s tip: "Classification of Men according to Their Natural Gifts" by Francis Galton begins on p. 1 and "Co-relations and Their Measurement, Chiefly from Anthropometric Data" by Francis Galton begins on p. 17
Galton's Bend: A Previously Undiscovered Nonlinearity in Galton's Family Stature Regression Data
Wachsmuth, Amanda; Wilkinson, Leland; Dallal, Gerard E.
The American Statistician, Vol. 57, No. 3, August 2003
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Eugenics and Utopia: Sexual Selection from Galton to Morris
Parrinder, Patrick.
Utopian Studies, Vol. 8, No. 2, Spring 1997
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The Intelligence Men: Makers of the IQ Controversy
Raymond E. Fancher.
W. W. Norton, 1987
Librarian’s tip: "Francis Galton: The Making of a Hereditarian" begins on p. 18
Greatness: Who Makes History and Why
Dean Keith Simonton.
Guilford, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "Galton's Eugenics" begins on p. 10
Demography and Degeneration: Eugenics and the Declining Birthrate in Twentieth-Century Britain
Richard A. Soloway.
University of North Carolina Press, 1990
Librarian’s tip: "Galton's Legacy" begins on p. 18 and "Galton, Pearson, and the Nature of Women" begins on p. 111
"Transmuting" Women into Men: Galton's Family Data on Human Stature
Hanley, James A.
The American Statistician, Vol. 58, No. 3, August 2004
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
Smart Jews: The Construction of the Image of Jewish Superior Intelligence
Sander L. Gilman.
University of Nebraska Press, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Francis Galton and Jewish Character" begins on p. 33
Peirce and Bowditch: An American Contribution to Correlation and Regression
Rovine, Michael J.; Anderson, Douglas R.
The American Statistician, Vol. 58, No. 3, August 2004
PEER-REVIEWED PERIODICAL
Peer-reviewed publications on Questia are publications containing articles which were subject to evaluation for accuracy and substance by professional peers of the article's author(s).
The G Factor: The Science of Mental Ability
Arthur R. Jensen.
Praeger, 1998
Librarian’s tip: "Galton and the Coming of Empirical Psychology" begins on p. 6
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