Julian H. Steward

Steward, Julian Haynes

Julian Haynes Steward, 1902–72, American anthropologist, b. Washington, D.C., grad. Cornell, 1925, Ph.D. Univ. of California, 1929. He taught at the Univ. of Michigan (1928–30), Columbia (1946–52), and the Univ. of Illinois (1952–72), as well as other universities. He conducted both archaeological and ethnographic studies. At the Smithsonian Institution he was anthropologist (1935–43) in the Bureau of American Ethnology, edited for the bureau the monumental Handbook of South American Indians (7 vol., 1946–59), and was director (1943–46) of the Institute of Social Anthropology. He advanced the concept of multilinear cultural evolution, according to which increases in cultural complexity occur in different ways in different societies; he also emphasized the importance of cultural ecology, the way in which adaptation to the environment promotes culture change. His research interests involved both traditional and modern societies. His writings include South American Culture (1949), Area Research, Theory and Practice (1950), Theory of Culture Change (1955), and The People of Puerto Rico: A Study in Social Anthropology (1956).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

Native Peoples of South America
Julian H. Steward; Louis C. Faron.
McGraw-Hill, 1959
The Social Anthropology of Latin America: Essays in Honor of Ralph Leon Beals
Walter Goldschmidt; Harry Hoijer.
Latin American Center, University of California, 1970
Librarian’s tip: "Cultural Evolution in South America" by Julian H. Steward begins on p. 199
Ancient Caves of the Great Salt Lake Region
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Unknown, 1937
Basin-Plateau Aboriginal Sociopolitical Groups
Julian H. Steward.
United States Government Printing Office, 1938
Indigenous South Americans of the Past and Present: An Ecological Perspective
David J. Wilson.
Westview Press, 1999
Librarian’s tip: "Steward's Cultural Ecology" begins on p. 11
Across the West: Human Population Movement and the Expansion of the Numa
David B. Madsen; David Rhode.
University of Utah Press, 1994
Librarian’s tip: "Steward's Hypothesis" begins on p. 7
The Study of Culture
L. L. Langness.
Chandler & Sharp, 1987 (Revised edition)
Librarian’s tip: "Modern Evolutionists" begins on p. 123
Method and Theory in American Archaeology
Gordon R. Willey; Philip Phillips.
University of Chicago Press, 1958
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "The Historical-Developmental Appraoch in American Archaeology"
Human Adaptability: An Introduction to Ecological Anthropology
Emilio F. Moran.
Westview Press, 2000 (2nd edition)
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 3 "From Cultural Ecology to Environmental Anthropology"
Marx's Ghost: Conversations with Archaeologists
Thomson C. Patterson.
Berg, 2003
Librarian’s tip: Discussion of Julian Steward begins on p. 55
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