Robert K. Merton

Merton, Robert King

Robert King Merton, 1910–2003, American sociologist, b. Philadelphia as Meyer Schkolnick, grad. Temple Univ. (A.B., 1931) and Harvard (M.A., 1932; Ph.D., 1936). From 1941 on he was a professor of sociology at Columbia Univ. and was especially known for his contributions to the study of social structure, bureaucracy, mass communications, and the sociology of science. Among his writings are Mass Persuasion (1946), Social Theory and Social Structure (1957), On the Shoulders of Giants (1965), and The Sociology of Science (1973). Merton developed such concepts as the "self-fulfilling prophecy," "role model," "deviant behavior," and focus groups. Robert C. Merton is his son.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright© 2014, The Columbia University Press.

Selected full-text books and articles on this topic

The Idea of Social Structure: Papers in Honor of Robert K. Merton
Lewis A. Coser.
Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975
The Freedom to Read: Perspective and Program
Richard McKeon; Robert K. Merton; Walter Gellhorn.
R.R. Bowker, 1957
Contemporary Social Problems: An Introduction to the Sociology of Deviant Behavior and Social Disorganization
Robert K. Merton; Robert A. Nisbet.
Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 15 "Social Problems and Sociological Theory"
Higher Faculties: A Cross-National Study of University Culture
Adam Podgórecki.
Praeger Publishers, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "The Innovative-Systemizer and Sage Scholar: Robert K. Merton (9) (1910- ) begins on p. 111
Deviance and Control
Albert K. Cohen.
Prentice-Hall, 1966
Librarian’s tip: "Anomie Theory: Merton" begins on p. 75
The Classical Roots of Ethnomethodology: Durkheim, Weber, and Garfinkel
Richard A. Hilbert.
University of North Carolina Press, 1992
Librarian’s tip: "Limitless Formal Rationalization of Society Sui Generis: Merton's Role Theory" begins on p. 171
American Communication Research: The Remembered History
Everette E. Dennis; Ellen Wartella.
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1996
Librarian’s tip: Chap. 8 "Stanton, Lazarsfeld, and Merton - Pioneers in Communication"
Toward An American Sociology: Questioning the European Construct
Gordon D. Morgan.
Praeger Publishers, 1997
Librarian’s tip: "Contradictions in Merton's Anomie and Science Models" begins on p. 61
Review of Sociology: Analysis of a Decade
Joseph B. Gittler.
John Wiley & Sons, 1957
Librarian’s tip: "Robert K. Merton" begins on p. 17
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