SCORE History-Social Science

Article excerpt

SCORE (Schools of California Online Resources for Education) History-Social Science is a great supplemental resource for elementary teachers struggling to meet the California standards and to provide motivating experiences to lay the foundational concepts for the rest of their learning careers. Textbooks are better than ever, but to fully engage students in doing the disciplines of history-- social science access to real resources such as maps, documents, letters, art, and charts and graphs is essential. Rather than thinking that history-social science is the information in "the book," students need to analyze and evaluate real data, at their level, just as a historian or social scientist would. They need to experience a time and place through photos, literature, and artifacts. SCORE H-SS has selected the best ones for schools and teachers to access easily.

SCORE History-Social Science (http://score.rims.k 12.ca.us), a project of San Bernardino County Superintendent of Schools, is designed to supplement the curriculum with resources from the Internet and lessons to use the World Wide Web in the classroom. There are over 900 resource sites that have been evaluated and annotated by grade level and content specialists for use in grades K-4. In addition there are over 200 lessons, most written by teachers for teachers. These web sites have been reviewed and evaluated for use in specific units of study identified in California's History-Social Science Framework and Standards. All the resources are organized around the standards for each grade in the "Find Resources and Lessons by Grade Level" (http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/gradelevel.html). Sometimes the unit in the standards is so big that it has been subdivided on SCORE so that students and teachers with limited experience in doing Internet research can more quickly find what they need. For example, the third grade unit on U.S. government has been sub-divided and simplified so that students can easily search only for the part of the standard for which they need information.

3.4 Students understand the role of rules and laws in our daily lives and the basic structure of the U.S. government.

1. Determine the reasons for rules, laws, and the U.S. Constitution; the role of citizenship in the promotion of rules and laws; and the consequences for people who violate rules and laws.

2. Discuss the importance of public virtue and the role of citizens, including how to participate in a classroom, in the community, and in civic life.

3. Know the histories of important local and national landmarks, symbols, and essential documents that create a sense of community among citizens and exemplify cherished ideals (e.g., the U.S. flag, the bald eagle, the Statue of Liberty, the U.S. Constitution, the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Capitol).

4. Understand the three branches of government, with an emphasis on local government.

5. Describe the ways in which California, the other states, and sovereign Indian tribes contribute to the making of our nation and participate in the federal system of government.

6. Describe the lives of American heroes who took risks to secure our freedoms (eg. Anne Hutchinson, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, Martin Luther King, Jr..) [Source: California Acadmeic Content Standards]

Resources on the web are generally designed with an older audience in mind or are so "kidified" as to make them worthless as curriculum resources. The materials on SCORE History-Social Science have been screened for use in classrooms for the audience specified in the grade level search. Though content appropriate, the resources for very young students should be utilized with an older student or adult nearby to help with reading and navigation. There are a wide variety of sources on SCORE such as biographies, literature selections, games, graphically rich content sites and maps. …