Introduction to Cognitive Therapy

Article excerpt

Introduction to Cognitive Therapy COGNITIVE therapy for ADOLESCENTS in SCHOOL SEHlNGS By T. A. Creed, J. Reisweber, & A Beck 2011, Guilford Press

Cognitive Therapy for Adolescents in School Settings is a welcome addition to the literature on cognitive therapy with youth. Coauthored by experienced cognitive therapy clinicians (including cognitive therapy founder Aaron Beck), the book provides an easy-to-understand description of cognitive therapy and how it can be used to work with students in the school setting.

The book is organized into five chapters.Chapteriprovides an overview of cognitive therapy and how to introduce the model to students. It also includes an introduction to four racially diverse hypothetical students who are followed throughout the book. These students' stories are used to exemplify how to conceptualize and treat different presenting issues (e.g., a male student with failing grades, gang involvement, and family issues; a female student with a history of sexual abuse who is depressed and sexually promiscuous).

Chapter 2 is focused on case conceptualization. The authors provide several helpful diagrams to allowthe readerto see how early experiences shape underlying belief s, which then lead to particular ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving.

Chapters 3 and4focus on cognitive and behavioral techniques. The authors note that before using any of these techniques, the clinician should determine if the student's thoughts are distorted. For students whose perceptions are not distorted, they specify a procedure for collaborative problem-solving. For those with cognitive distortions, they describe a number of techniques, including guided discovery, coping cards, and reverse role-play. In the behavioral chapter, they discuss interventions such as behavioral experiments, exposure, and relaxation techniques. …