Time Line 1908-1998

Article excerpt

1908

Republican William Howard Taft elected 27th US president.

Robert Peary, Matthew A. Henson, and four Eskimos reach North Pole. 1909 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) founded. 1910 Ten-year Mexican revolution and civil war begins. One million eventually die. First major militant women's suffage parade in New York City. 1911 Baseball great Cy Young retires after winning 511 games and pitching 7,356 innings. 1912 Democrat Woodrow Wilson elected 28th US president. Vladimir Illich Lenin founds Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party (Bolsheviks). Titanic ocean liner sinks; More than 1,500 die. 1913 US 16th Amendment legalizes income taxes. 1914 World War I begins. Eventual deaths include 8 million military, 6 million civilians. 21 million are wounded. Bosnian nationalists, in league with Serbs, kill Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand, escalating Europe-wide tensions. Panama Canal opens. 1915 First transatlantic telephone call (Virginia to Paris) made by Bell Telephone. Albert Einstein develops his theory of relativity, arguing that space and time merge in a continuum. 1916 Turkish government forces 1 million to 1.5 million Armenians into camps in the Syrian desert where most die of famine and disease. 1917 US declares war on Germany. 1918 Armistice ends World War I. First electric powered refrigerator (Kelvinator). 1919 Paris Peace Conference launches Leagueof Nations. US 18th Amendment (Prohibition) ratified by the states. 1920 Warren G. Harding elected 29th US president. 19th Amendment gives US women the right to vote. National Football League founded. Babe Ruth traded by Boston Red Sox to New York Yankees, who win 5 World Series before Ruth retires. 1921 Adolf Hitler made leader of German Nazi Party. Margaret Gorman, 16, becomes first Miss America. 1922 Benito Mussolini and Fascist Blackshirts take power in Italy. British Broadcasting Corp. (BBC) founded. Chanel No. 5 perfume introduced. Duke Ellington founds his jazz orchestra. 1923 President Harding dies; Vice President Calvin Coolidge becomes 30th US president. 1924 First use of gas chamber in Nevada for "humane" executions. 1925 "Monkey Trial" in Tennessee convicts biology teacher John T. Scopes for teaching evolution. 1926 US physicist Robert Goddard launches world's first liquid-fueled rocket to height of 200 feet. Gertrude Ederle becomes first woman to swim English Channel, sets speed record (14 hours, 39 minutes). 1927 Chinese civil war (1927-1949) begins. Al Jolson stars in sound movie "The Jazz Singer" to open new film era. Charles A. Lindbergh flies solo across Atlantic - New York to Paris. 1928 First working color TV. Scotch tape and plastic introduced. 1929 US stock crash on Oct. 24 precipitates Great Depression of 1930s. 1930 Planet Pluto discovered. World population reaches 2 billion. "Blondie" comic strip begins. 1931 Empire State Building completed, world's highest at 1,250 feet. Paul Kipfer, Auguste Piccard set world height record (52,000 feet) in balloon. 1931 Empire State Building completed, world's highest at 1,250 feet. Paul Kipfer, Auguste Piccard set world height record (52,000 feet) in balloon. 1932 Amelia Earhart first woman to fly Atlantic solo. 1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes 32nd US president. Adolf Hitler takes power in Germany. Dust bowl era begins in Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, continues through 1939. US 21st Amendment ends Prohibition. 1934 Chinese Communists, near defeat, begin Long March to Shensi. Joseph Stalin begins Great Purge (1934-1939), which kills millions. 1935 1936 Ty Cobb (lifetime batting average, .367) is first player in Baseball Hall of Fame. Ethiopia falls to Italian forces. Edward VIII abdicates British throne to marry American divorce Wallis Simpson. African-American Jesse Owens wins four gold medals at Berlin Olympics. 1937 "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" - first full-length cartoon film. …