Hard Political Lessons from Drug Bill Defeat ; Tom Daschle and Democrats Lose an Election-Year Issue That May Come Back to Haunt Incumbents in Both Parties

Article excerpt

For Senate majority leader Tom Daschle - the man with the toughest job on Capitol Hill - this week's defeat of a plan to help seniors pay for prescription drugs was a bitter pill.

If the vote stands, it will mean Democrats have failed to deliver on their signature issue in an election year, again. House Republicans passed a prescription-drug plan last month; after the final Senate vote Wednesday, they were blasting Mr. Daschle for "yet another un-accomplishment."

It's also a personal hit on a leader whose defining quality is an ability to get members of a very diverse Democratic caucus to agree - or even to agree to disagree, but to not air their differences in public. Daschle succeeded in rapidly moving important legislation through the Senate after 9/11, including appropriations for homeland defense and the USA Patriot Act. He also got through a farm bill, a tough law on corporate accountability, and new trade authority for the president.

Divide runs deep

But partisan divisions still run deep in the Senate. The gridlock on prescription drugs is emblematic of the difficulties Daschle faces there - difficulties sharpened, some say, by his own strategic errors in pushing bills out of committee and onto the Senate floor.

"From the very beginning it's been hard to reach a consensus [on prescription drugs]," Daschle said Wednesday. "My hope was that if we pressed this issue on the floor, ultimately people would say, 'Look, it might not be not exactly what we wanted but it's better than nothing.' "

But on issues as fraught as healthcare, it takes more than holding Democrats in line to pass legislation: Overcoming a filibuster takes 60 votes. For Daschle, that means finding support across the aisle without losing hard-core Democrats.

In an election year, when failure to legislate can be grist for fundraisers and damning 10-second campaign spots, that calculus is even more complex. But if voters come to resent both parties for failure to act, the blame could fall on incumbents.

"Our seniors back home don't understand all this haggling back and forth that we've been doing now for two weeks," Sen. Zell Miller (D) of Georgia said after the final vote on prescription drugs. "If that's all we have to show for ourselves come November, I guarantee you both parties will pay a steep price at the polls."

Rising costs

US healthcare costs have risen steeply since Medicare was established in 1965. From 1960 to 2000, personal health care spending increased from $23.4 billion to $1.1 trillion; it is expected to pass $2.4 trillion by 2011, according to the US Health Care Financing Administration. Outside hospitals, Medicare does not cover the cost of prescription drugs, which have become a much more significant part of medical treatment than in the 1960s. …