Redistricting Republicans Seek More Accurate Districts. Nearly Half the States Either Gained or Lost in Population in the Last Census. Here's a Look at How They Stand in the Turbulent Process of Creating New Districts. TEXAS

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TEXAS Republicans have a beef.

They say that their numbers have increased because of population gains to the point where they would be able to win half the state's elected seats - if districts were drawn fairly.

But the state is controlled by Democrats. Gov. Ann Richards is one. And Democrats dominate the Texas House of Representatives 93 to 57 and the Senate 22 to 9.

Democrats also hold 19 of the 27 existing Texas seats in the US Congress and are expected to win the three new districts. One has been designed to seat a black from Dallas. Another will elect a Latino from south of San Antonio.

The last will elect a Latino from Houston, if not in 1992 then certainly sometime this decade, says Robert Slagle, state chairman of the Democratic Party.

Redistricting "was a Democrat-controlled process throughout," says James Duncan, a redistricting consultant to the state Republican Party. The new district boundaries are a product of "blatant political gerrymandering," he says.

Texas has 17.5 million residents, up from 14 million a decade ago.

Voters don't register by party in Texas, but some 1. …