College Students Massacred One-by-One in Nigeria

Article excerpt

Unidentified gunmen massacred at least two dozen university students in northern Nigeria Monday night in the city of Mubi near the border with Cameroon. The attacks lasted more than an hour, with gunmen targeting specific students by name rather than indiscriminately firing.

Suspicion fell immediately on Boko Haram, a violent Islamist organization in northern Nigeria that has typically attacked Christian churches and security forces. Student leaders, meanwhile, suggested that the killings may have been tied to internal student political campaigns. No group has yet claimed responsibility for the attack.

Aside from Boko Haram's history of bloody attacks on civilians, the very name of the group which means "Western education is a sin" stokes suspicion of their involvement. But even if the group is found to be involved, the purpose of such an attack would not be part of some global jihad.

"I cringe at the 'Western education is a sin' [translation] there should be a modifier there. It's really Western education in Nigeria. There's a tendency to view this issue as a little wider than it is," says Gordon Bottomley, an associate at Ergo, a New York- based intelligence and advisory firm.

Boko Haram leaders associate Western education with the elites of northern Nigeria, whom the militants see as corrupt and insufficiently Islamic, says Mr. Bottomley. Boko Haram wants northern elites, politicians, and religious figures to adopt a stricter version of sharia law and maintain the north's identity as an Islamic region in a Christian-majority country.

"Western education encroached upon Muslim rule in northern Nigeria, so thats the push back on it," says Mr. Bottomley. "They [Boko Haram] are not taking up the broader issue of education around the world."

The group remains shadowy, with the identity of the movement still in flux. The leadership of the group is believed to be educated, says Bottomley, but mostly in Quranic schools in Nigeria, not in Western institutions.

The core followers of the group, including its leadership, may only number a couple hundred people, he says. Around that core are other militants whose interests may overlap, as well as another wider group of sympathizers who are not actively involved in attacks. When attacks are pinned on Boko Haram, it's not always clear how much if at all the leadership was involved. To the extent they are deciding on targets, the shifting attacks from churches, to security forces, to newspaper offices over the past six months, suggests the process is "done from the hip," Bottomley says.

Details of the attack

The state police spokesman, Ibrahim Mohammed, said the dead included 19 students from a local polytechnic university, three from a health technology school, a former soldier, and a security guard. …