The Latest Innovations and Advances in Telecommunications and Biotech

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Advances in telecommunications and biotech are capturing the news and imaginations in light of the exciting critical applications and effects these innovations will have on our future.

Listed below is a selection that could potentially affect us all.

Stents

Researchers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia discovered a method to overcome the problem of new blockages in blood vessels after inserting stents. They coat the stents with a biodegradable polymer containing therapeutic genes that enhance healing.

Breast biopsies

NASA developed a medical probe that can identify cancerous tumors without requiring surgical biopsies. The smart disposable needle has a sensor in the dip that registers tissue density, oxygen levels and density of blood vessels.

New light bulb

Sandia has developed a tiny solid-state laser, 20 micrometers square that produces a soft white light that will last 10 times longer than a fluorescent light bulb and 50 times longer than an incandescent. We can expect to see it on the market in five years.

Faster chips

Research Triangle scientists have discovered a method to bond silicon chips together at room temperature.

The process holds promise for chip stacking, a concept that can increase the number of chips on a circuit producing a faster speed. The technology can be expected on the market in 2002.

Biochip

Motorola and other major companies are applying standard techniques for manufacturing integrated circuit boards to produce biochips using tiny electrodes attached to fragments of DNA. The new development holds promise for detecting infectious diseases.

Hospital cleanup

MedMined, an Alabama company, has a software program that can identify hospital-based infections much better than current infection control procedures.

The program has the potential to develop into a national surveillance method for detecting food-borne infectious disease outbreaks.

Optical switch

The California Institute of Technology may have overcome the bottleneck of achieving an all-optical broadband network.

Using holograms to selectively deflect specific colors onto new paths, the device can switch data in as little as 10 nanoseconds with the potential for managing a high number of wavelengths. …