Today in History - Aug. 16

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Today in History - Aug. 16

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Today in History for Aug. 16:

On this date:

In 1750, 300 German settlers arrived at Lunenburg, N.S.

In 1784, New Brunswick was established as a separate colony from Nova Scotia with a nominated council and elected assembly.

In 1809, Alfred Lord Tennyson, English poet laureate, was born.

In 1812, British forces under General Isaac Brock captured Detroit during the War of 1812.

In 1815, St. John Bosco, an Italian educator, was born. Poverty among the children in Turin led him in 1859 to establish the Society of St. Francis of Sales (the Salesians). Bosco was canonized by Pius XI in 1934.

In 1819, the "Peterloo Massacre" occurred in Manchester, England, when a public meeting of English workmen was fired upon by troops called in by city magistrates fearing revolution. In the ensuing melee, 11 people were killed and countless others injured.

In 1825, the republic of Bolivia was proclaimed.

In 1827, the first stone of one of the Rideau Canal locks was laid by Capt. John Franklin, the Arctic explorer.

In 1846, the Provincial Agricultural Association and the Board of Agriculture for Canada West, precursor of the Canadian National Exhibition, was established in Toronto.

In 1858, the first message over the Atlantic cable was sent by Queen Victoria to U.S. President James Buchanan via Newfoundland.

In 1899, Robert Bunsen, the German chemist who invented the gas burner that bears his name, died at 88.

In 1914, the British Expeditionary Force landed in France during the First World War.

In 1948, baseball star Babe Ruth died in New York of throat cancer at age 53. The "Sultan of Swat's" record of 714 career homers stood until 1974 when Hank Aaron surpassed it. (Barry Bonds surpassed Aaron in 2007).

In 1949, Margaret Mitchell, author of "Gone With the Wind," died in a car crash. It was her only novel.

In 1951, T.C. Davis became Canada's ambassador to West Germany, marking the resumption of diplomatic relations between the two countries after the Second World War.

In 1954, "Sports Illustrated" was first published by Time Inc.

In 1956, actor Bela Lugosi died at age 73. He was buried in his Dracula cloak.

In 1960, Britain ceded control of the crown colony of Cyprus.

In 1963, a Canadian-United States agreement on nuclear warhead storage was announced.

In 1965, Canadian jockey Johnny Longden, 58, won his 6,000th race, riding "Prince Scorpion" at Vancouver's Exhibition Park.

In 1969, the first Canada Summer Games opened in Halifax.

In 1972, the Canadian National Exhibition opened in Toronto with the first Western exhibit from the Peoples' Republic of China.

In 1974, a ceasefire between Turkish and Greek Cypriot forces took effect, leaving about one-third of Cyprus in Turkish hands.

In 1974, Cindy Nicholas, 16, of Toronto swam Lake Ontario in 15 hours, 18 minutes, breaking the record by almost three hours.

In 1977, the King of Rock N' Roll, Elvis Presley, was found dead at his Graceland mansion in Memphis. He began his singing career in 1954 and quickly became an international sensation. His hits included "Blue Suede Shoes", "Love Me Tender", "Heartbreak Hotel" and "Return to Sender. …