Riding associations sitting on millions
OTTAWA - Riding associations for federal political parties are sitting on nearly $30-million of taxpayer-subsidized cash, with little obligation to account publicly for how the money is spent.
Annual financial reports filed recently with Elections Canada indicate that Conservative electoral district associations are by far the wealthiest, with combined surpluses of $18.3 million in 2012.
As of last week, the richest of all was the Conservative association in Prime Minister Stephen Harper's Calgary Southwest riding, which had amassed a war chest of more than $330,000 -- the largest of any riding association, Conservative or otherwise, in the country's 308 constituencies.
Since then, the Conservative association in the eastern Ontario riding of Lanark-Frontenac-Lennox and Addington has supplanted Harper's as the wealthiest, with $409,353.
With straggler associations still filing to Elections Canada, the tallies remain somewhat fluid. As of late last week, Liberal riding associations ended last year with combined surpluses totalling $6.3 million while the NDP totalled $2.3 million.
Green party riding associations were worth a combined $972,160, while those in the Bloc Quebecois were worth slightly over $1 million.
The eye-popping numbers suggest the days are long gone when riding associations consisted of a gaggle of volunteers who met periodically in someone's basement to plan bake sales to raise a bit of cash.
Indeed, the financial reports suggest some of them -- primarily the flush Conservative ones -- have morphed into sophisticated, perpetual campaign machines that rake in hundreds of thousands of dollars each year.
"We always encourage our (electoral district associations) to work hard, raise money and prepare for the next election," says Conservative party spokesman Fred DeLorey.
"We have the strongest grassroots organization in Canada and it shows."
However, exactly what the associations do with all that money remains something of a mystery.
Riding associations used to be known as the "black hole" of political financing in Canada. There was no legal requirement for them to publicly disclose the money they raised or how they spent it, except during the few short weeks of a federal election campaign.
Reforms to the Canada Elections Act in 2004 shone some light on the situation.
Associations that wish to issue tax receipts for donations must now register with Elections Canada and produce annual financial reports, which include full disclosure of the names of donors and the amounts they contributed.
Those reports also include financial statements that reveal any other sources of revenues, how much was spent in any given year and how much has been stockpiled over the long term.
But exactly what the money was spent on remains murky.
Associations report tens of thousands of dollars spent on things like "professional services," "office expenses," "travel and hospitality," "fundraising activities," "polling and research," "salaries and benefits" or just "other" -- with no detailed explanations.
Like political parties themselves, the associations, also known as EDAs, are not required to supply receipts to Elections Canada so the watchdog agency has no way of verifying whether the money was spent to stage a community outreach event or to buy the local MP a new car.
"We have no tools to do a basic audit," said Elections Canada spokesman John Enright, noting that current and past chief electoral officers have urged Parliament to rectify the situation. …