Conversion Survey, 1998: Global Disarmament, Defense Industry Consolidation and Conversion

By Bonn International Center For Conversion | Go to book overview

Acknowledgements

The Conversion Survey 1998 is the third annual review of global disarmament and conversion prepared by the Bonn International Center for Conversion. The first edition, the Conversion Survey 1996, provided an overview of six issue areas of conversion: military expenditures, defense research and development, industrial conversion, demobilization, base closures and surplus weapons, as well as an index of the extent of disarmament, demilitarization, demobilization and conversion (BIC3D) occurring worldwide. While the second edition focused on one of these issue areas, surplus weapons, this book is devoted to an in-depth study of another area, industrial conversion. The overview chapter of this survey again contains an update of the BIC3D Index as well as summaries of events in the other five issue areas.

The book is a collective effort by the staff of BICC. All chapters were reviewed and revised in light of the critical comments provided. Michael Brzoska was in charge of planning and organizing the book. He was also the principal author of the Introduction, the Update, Chapters 2 to 4, and prepared the data for the Appendix including the BIC3D Index. Joseph Di Chiaro contributed Chapter 5 and the section on surplus weapons in the Update. Herbert Wulf wrote Chapter 1 and summarized the major findings of all chapters in Chapter 6. Ksenia Gonchar authored the sections on Russia in Chapters 2 to 5 and the Update. Jörn Brömmelhörster wrote the sections on China in Chapters 2 to 4 and coauthored with Michael Dedek the section on military expenditures for the Update. The section on demobilization and reintegration in the Update was written by Kees Kingma and the section on base closures and redevelopment by Keith Cunningham.

Jason Atkinson contributed the Box on Haiti; Ulrike Lindemann and Ulrich Schirowski provided additional material on Germany for the Update. Petra Opitz wrote the Box on international cooperation in Chapter 3. Ann Markusen of Rutgers University, who spent the first half of 1997 at BICC, participated in planning the book and contributed the section on the United States in Chapter 6.

Klaus Rodenberg, Sabrina Colell and Alexandra Topel of BICC's documentation and library department researched additional background information. Sebastian Esser and Thilo von Hahn helped with data assembly for the Appendix and the Indexes. In one way or the other, almost the entire staff of BICC were involved in the preparation of this book. Thanks are due in particular to Moira Davidson-Seger for her careful editing, as well as to Corinna Hauswedell and Heike Webb for editorial coordination.

The survey could not have been written without the help of background papers prepared specifically for this survey. Some of these have been used extensively in the text, for instance the papers by Jonathan Feldman, Michael Oden and Elisabeth Sköns. The places where background papers have been used in writing chapters have been noted in the appropriate chapters. However, responsibility for use of outside contributions, and any resulting errors, is with the survey's authors. BICC is grateful for the time and effort spent by outside contributors in answering specific questions. A selection of background papers will be available on BICC's internet server.

Moreover, a number of colleagues from around the world supplied information and guidance on particular items. Although not all can be mentioned here, chapter authors would like to specifically thank Peter Batchelor, Jabu Dada, Paul George, Milton Leitenberg, Peter Lock, Penny McKenzie, Cindy Miller, Yitzhak Shichor, Pieter Wezeman, Peter Wilke and Sue Willett. Of course, none of the named is responsible for any errors contained in this book.

BICC gratefully acknowledges the financial support of the Ford Foundation towards its work on surplus weapons, the Volkswagen Foundation towards its work on high-tech industries in Russia, and the McArthur Foundation towards its work on military expenditures. The Fritz-Thyssen and Robert Bosch Foundations helped to finance a conference on regional conversion in Bonn in March 1997, during which many issues relevant to the current survey were discussed. Special thanks are due to the Ministry of Higher Education and Research of North Rhine- Westphalia for its continuing support of BICC's research activities.

Bonn, February 1998 Herbert Wulf

BICC Conversion Survey 1998 was prepared by Michael Brzoska, project leader

Authors: Jörn Brömmelhörster, Michael Brzoska, Keith Cunningham , Michael Dedek, Joseph Di Chiaro III, Ksenia Gonchar, Kees Kingma, Herbert Wulf

Editing: Moira Davidson-Seger

Editorial coordination: Corinna Hauswedell, Heike Webb

Design: Hansen Kommunikation, Cologne

-5-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Conversion Survey, 1998: Global Disarmament, Defense Industry Consolidation and Conversion
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 322

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.