Conversion Survey, 1998: Global Disarmament, Defense Industry Consolidation and Conversion

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data appendix

Sources and methods

The appendix tables A1 to A4 present estimates for absolute values of military expenditures, holdings in certain types of weaponry, armed forces personnel, and employment in arms production for 1996. In addition, trends from 1986 to 1995 are provided as index numbers, with 1996 equal to 100. (The numbers may not add up due to rounding off.)

The numbers in the various data bases maintained at BICC are constantly updated and changed. BICC Conversion Surveys report the data as available at the time of writing; later editions may therefore contain more up-to-date data. Recent data is more likely to change than data for earlier years.

Along with national data, countries have also been grouped for purposes of regional comparison; the composition of these groups is explained below. Group indices have been calculated on the basis of absolute data for each country group.

For Countries not listed in A1 to A4, either data is not available or the relevant category is not applicable. Thus Countries without military sectors are not mentioned in the appendix tables.

Appendix table conventions:
n.a. Not applicable,
country did not exist in relevant year
or relevant basic data equal to nil
-- Data not available,
but likely to be different from nil
Areas shaded in A1 to A4 indicate
decreasing militarization. The criterion for
shading is either:
the average for 1985-1993 is above
the value for 1996; or
at least one of the values for
1993-1995 is more than 30 percent
higher than the value for 1996.

Data shown in this appendix has often been estimated. Thus emphasis in interpretation should be placed not on individual numbers or minor changes, but rather on more general trends. The quality of data is generally better for OECD-members countries than for other countries.

Treatment of new and unifying states

Some adjustment has been necessary for countries which have recently united or which have disintegrated into independent states.

Index data for Germany and Yemen combine the data for the previously independent countries of East and West Germany and North and South Yemen, respectively. For the sake of consistency in the regional series, data for East Germany before 1990 has been included in the estimate for Western Europe.

For Russia, index data up to 1991 is based on the relevant trend for the Soviet Union. For the calculation of the 1991-1992 trend, it was assumed that 60 percent of the assets and resources of the former Soviet military sector were located on Russian territory. For other former Soviet republics, separate figures have not been included until after independence. First-year data is based on the information available for these countries, however the ongoing separation processes often make these figures unreliable. Allowance has also been made for the inclusion of the Baltic states ( Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) in Northern Europe.

A similar procedure has been applied to the Czech Republic and Slovakia, as successors of Czechoslovakia. Index figures up to 1992 have been based on data for Czechoslovakia. For calculation of the 1992-1993 trend, it assumed that the Czech Republic received two-thirds and


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