The Person as Patient: Psychosocial Perspectives for the Health Care Professional

By Elsa Ramsden | Go to book overview
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10
Self-Efficacy

Monica Lehman

Beth A Roller

Introduction

Statement of Problem

Discussion

Case I

Self-Efficacy Related to the Case

Implications for Treatment

Conclusion


Introduction

In this chapter, we will address the importance of assessing the level of a patient's self-efficacy in the physical therapy environment. We have arbitrarily chosen the topic of fear of falling in the geriatric population to give a context to this discussion of self-efficacy. Background information regarding falls in the elderly, as well as a general description of current treatment practices for these individuals, is included in the following sections. The objective is to discuss how treatment techniques may omit the vital component of assessment and treatment of low self-efficacy. Self-efticacy is defined and discussed within a theoretical framework, including several related concepts. A case study is presented to illustrate the importance of addressing low self-efficacy in geriatric patients. We conclude with several recommendations for incorporating a focus on self-efficacy within the treatment context of our physical therapy sessions.

Physical therapists, therapist assistants, and other health professionals understand that mobility is a vital factor in maintaining quality of life for the geriatric patient. Unfortunately for these patients, recurring

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