PROFESSIONALISM has come under considerable scrutiny and criticism in recent years. Traditionally, the American Medical Association, the American Bar Association, and similar organizations representing the interests of other professions have stressed their commitment to merit and service as the hallmark of their special status. By emphasizing merit as the critical component of the modern professions, leaders differentiate their fields from business or the trades where the work can be learned on the job. The professions require rigorous graduate training based on a body of scientific knowledge and a theoretical orientation. Their organizations monitor entrance into educational institutions and license only the most qualified graduates. Achievement, not patronage, has been the required avenue to success. 1
In addition, the spokesmen for the professions have claimed that they differ from conventional occupations by their emphasis on disinterested service—an ideal requiring practitioners to serve the greater public good. According to this belief, doctors, lawyers, scientists, engineers, and others are entitled to a reasonable remuneration for their services but can never make their professional decisions solely to support the profit motive. Poor people are not denied necessary medical care, nor do scientists falsify experimental results in the interests of personal gain. In practice, this ideal should have resulted in a strong ethical commitment to serve the needy,
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Publication information: Book title: The Whistleblowers:Exposing Corruption in Government and Industry. Contributors: Myron Peretz Glazer - Author, Penina Migdal Glazer - Author. Publisher: Basic Books. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1989. Page number: 67.
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