Radical Sociology

By J. David Colfax; Jack L. Roach | Go to book overview

(9)
Social Reality and Consciousness *

RICHARD LICHTMAN

1.1. The uniqueness of social inquiry lies in the fact that while physical theory is not itself an instance of physics, social theorizing is itself a social fact. The inquirer is a social being reflecting on some aspect of social reality. Since the inquiring subject is generically identical with the object of inquiry, the enterprise of social theorizing is self-referential. The social inquirer discovers his own nature in the object of inquiry; he discovers the nature of his object in reflecting upon himself.

1.2. Human beings are social and conscious prior to any explicit inquiry which is directed toward them. They have their view of the world and of themselves as social beings at a level of ordinary practical understanding embodied in social institutions. Human beings define themselves as human as part of the very process through which they achieve humanity. Human beings cannot become human without acquiring some view of what it is to be human—without a view of time and space, of history and society, of the distinctions and connections among men and women, superior and subordinate, labor and leisure, science, art, religion, given reality and unfulfilled ideal. We shall refer to this

____________________
*
This work is not an essay and should not be read as such. These reflections are literally pages from a philosophical notebook. They constitute a selection of skeletal themes for a work in progress. If the reader finds these remarks inchoate, his impression is correct. I am simply taking advantage of the opportunity afforded me by the editors to share a developing body of thought with others who are critical of contemporary academic social science. We on the left need to break with standard patterns of communication and publication if we are to offer and receive constructive criticism to the fullest degree. Another version of these reflections, which omits the first part of this paper and expands the second part, appears in the Berkeley Journal of Sociology (1970). It contains an analysis, omitted here, of The Social Construction of Reality by Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann (New York: Doubleday Anchor, 1966).

-149-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Radical Sociology
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 492

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.