6The previous three chapters have shown how Japan and the Asian NIEs have
succeeded in building competitive computer industries. Each country's history
is unique and helps answer questions such as the following: What are the
forces that have made so many U.S. PC makers turn to Taiwanese companies
to design and build their computers? Why did all the major disk drive makers
set up production in Singapore? How did Korea become a world leader in
DRAMs yet fail to make a mark in PCs or peripherals? Why does Japan control
so many key components technologies yet remain weak in systems and software? How has Hong Kong been able to maintain a critical managerial function for southern China's computer manufacturing base even as its own production has shrunk?The focus of this chapter, however, is on more general questions that can
be answered by comparing the experiences of companies and countries. For
instance: What are the key factors that determine company and country success in the computer industry? What is the relationship between company and
country success? And is there an East Asian model of industrial policy that
helps explain the strengths and weaknesses of the five countries? The answers
to these questions are complex, but we have been able to draw some broad
conclusions from the history of the global computer industry and the experiences of the East Asian countries:
Findings from the
East Asian Experience
|• ||Companies that have succeeded in the computer industry are highly
focused on specific industry segments that fit their own capabilities.
They are able either to define new markets or to capitalize on opportunities within markets created by others. The most successful
companies are fast and flexible in their decision-making, enabling
them to respond to rapidly changing market and technology environments.|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Asia's Computer Challenge:Threat or Opportunity for the United States & the World?.
Contributors: Jason Dedrick - Author, Kenneth L. Kraemer - Author.
Publisher: Oxford US.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1998.
Page number: 211.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may
not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.