Progress and Poverty: An Economic and Social History of Britain, 1700-1850

By M. J. Daunton | Go to book overview
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industry, by variations in the pace of enclosure or the dominance of large estates, and by changes in farming practices. Domestic production was both a consequence and a cause of changes in demography and family structure. The removal of restraints on marriage created the potentiality for rapid population growth, and the organization of production in family units affected the relationships between husband and wife, and parents and children. Relationships within families engaged in domestic production were not necessarily symmetrical, for domestic industry allowed young adults to marry and start a new production unit, which might clash with the desire of parents to retain children in their productive unit for as long as possible. The precise relationship between domestic production and merchanting could affect the responsiveness to changes in the market, and influence the sources of capital for factory development. Further, the organization of various stages of domestic production affected the impact of mechanization and the ability of the work-force to resist changes. And were domestic workers trapped in a world of conventional consumption, defending a 'moral' economy against the incursion of the market and a cash nexus? These issues are pursued in later chapters.


NOTES
1.
D. Defoe, A Tour through the Whole Island of Great Britain ( 1724-6) ( Everyman edn., repr. 1974), ii, 193-202.
4.
P. Kriedte, H. Medick, and J. Schlumbohm, Industrialisation before Industrialisation ( Cambridge, 1981), 6.
6.
D. Levine, Family Formation in the Age of Nascent Capitalism ( New York, 1977), 17.
7.
Quoted in K. J. Allison and P. M. Tillott, 'York in the Eighteenth Century', in P. M. Tillott (ed.), Victoria County History, City of York ( 1961), 215.
8.
W. Hutton, quoted in E. Hopkins, Birmingham: The First Manufacturing Town in the World, 1760-1840 ( 1989), 5.
9.
Allison and Tillott, 'York in the Eighteenth Century', 215-16.
10.
D. Hey, The Rural Metalworkers of the Sheffield Region: A Study of Rural Industry before the Industrial Revolution ( Leicester, 1972), 11; J. D. Chambers, Nottinghamshire in the Eighteenth Century: A Study of Life and Labour under the Squirearchy ( 1932), 95.
11.
Chambers, Nottinghamshire, 125.
12.
P. Hudson, The Genesis of Industrial Capital: A Study of the West Riding Wool Textile Industry, c. 1750-1850 ( Cambridge, 1986), for the outstanding account.
13.
Levine, Family Formation, 33-4.
14.
S. D. Chapman, "'Industrial Capital before the Industrial Revolution: An Analysis of"

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