industry, by variations in the pace of enclosure or the dominance of large estates,
and by changes in farming practices. Domestic production was both a consequence and a cause of changes in demography and family structure. The removal
of restraints on marriage created the potentiality for rapid population growth,
and the organization of production in family units affected the relationships
between husband and wife, and parents and children. Relationships within
families engaged in domestic production were not necessarily symmetrical, for
domestic industry allowed young adults to marry and start a new production
unit, which might clash with the desire of parents to retain children in their
productive unit for as long as possible. The precise relationship between domestic production and merchanting could affect the responsiveness to changes in
the market, and influence the sources of capital for factory development.
Further, the organization of various stages of domestic production affected the
impact of mechanization and the ability of the work-force to resist changes. And
were domestic workers trapped in a world of conventional consumption,
defending a 'moral' economy against the incursion of the market and a cash
nexus? These issues are pursued in later chapters.
D. Defoe, A Tour through the Whole Island of Great Britain ( 1724-6) ( Everyman edn.,
repr. 1974), ii, 193-202.
H. Medick, and
J. Schlumbohm, Industrialisation before Industrialisation
( Cambridge, 1981), 6.
D. Levine, Family Formation in the Age of Nascent Capitalism ( New York, 1977), 17.
Quoted in K. J. Allison and
P. M. Tillott, 'York in the Eighteenth Century', in
P. M. Tillott
(ed.), Victoria County History, City of York ( 1961), 215.
W. Hutton, quoted in E. Hopkins, Birmingham: The First Manufacturing Town in the
World, 1760-1840 ( 1989), 5.
Tillott, 'York in the Eighteenth Century', 215-16.
D. Hey, The Rural Metalworkers of the Sheffield Region: A Study of Rural Industry before the
Industrial Revolution ( Leicester, 1972), 11; J. D. Chambers, Nottinghamshire in the
Eighteenth Century: A Study of Life and Labour under the Squirearchy ( 1932), 95.
Chambers, Nottinghamshire, 125.
P. Hudson, The Genesis of Industrial Capital: A Study of the West Riding Wool Textile
Industry, c. 1750-1850 ( Cambridge, 1986), for the outstanding account.
Levine, Family Formation, 33-4.
S. D. Chapman, "'Industrial Capital before the Industrial Revolution: An Analysis of"
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Progress and Poverty:An Economic and Social History of Britain, 1700-1850.
Contributors: M. J. Daunton - Author.
Publisher: Oxford University Press.
Place of publication: Oxford.
Publication year: 1995.
Page number: 170.
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