Progress and Poverty: An Economic and Social History of Britain, 1700-1850

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reasonable interpretation? A strong case may be made that the legal system was able to respond to the changing needs of the economy, and that the British state in the eighteenth century was remarkably effective and strong. Could it be argued that the British state had an active role in the development of the British economy, encouraging the growth of new industries such as cotton, providing a protected home market, and wielding military power to secure foreign markets against the French and Dutch? Perhaps the development of the British economy was a political rather than a merely economic phenomenon.


NOTES
1.
B. Disraeli, Sybil; or, The Two Nations ( 1845), 25.
2.
Ibid. 187.
3.
L. Namier, The Structure of Politics on the Accession of George III ( 2nd edn., 1957), 68-9, 73.
4.
Ibid. 133-4.
5.
J. H. Plumb, The Growth of Political Stability in England, 1675-1725 ( 1967), 5.
6.
J. C. D. Clark, English Society 1688-1832 ( Cambridge, 1985), 65.
7.
Ibid. 36.
8.
P. Langford, Public Life and the Propertied Englishman, 1689-1798 ( Oxford, 1991), 208.
9.
F. O'Gorman, Voters, Patrons and Parties: The Unreformed Electoral System of Hanoverian England, 1734-1832 ( Oxford, 1989), table 4.3, p. 179.
10.
Cato, quoted in S. Burtt, Virtue Transformed: Political Argument in England 1688-1740 ( Cambridge, 1992), 74.
11.
Quoted in E. Robinson, "'Matthew Boulton and the Art of Parliamentary Lobbying'", Historical Journal, 7 ( 1974), 221.
12.
W. D. Rubinstein, Men of Property: The Very Wealthy in Britain since the Industrial Revolution ( 1981), 71.
13.
Quoted in J. R. Dinwiddy, From Luddism to the First Reform Bill: Reform in England, 1810-32 ( Oxford, 1986), 13.
14.
J. Brewer, "'The Wilkites and the Law'", in J. Brewer and J. Styles (eds.), An Ungovernable People: The English and their Law in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries ( 1980), 133.
15.
D. Hay, "'Property, Authority and the Criminal Law'", in D. Hayet al. (eds.), Albion's Fatal Tree: Crime and Society in Eighteenth-Century England ( 1975).
16.
P. K. O'Brien, Power without Profit: The State and the Economy, 1688-1815 ( 1991), 9.
17.
Ibid. 10.
18.
Ibid. 11.
19.
Quoted in D. Lieberman, The Province of Legislation Determined: Legal Theory in Eighteenth-Century Britain ( Cambridge, 1989), 48.
20.
The phrase is Bentham's, quoted ibid. 67.
21.
Quoted ibid. 121.
22.
J. Brewer and J. Styles, "'Introduction'", in Brewer and Styles (eds.), Ungovernable People, 17.

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