CHAPTER 3 THE INSURGENT Republican rebellion of 1910 presaged some of the difficulties that GOP leaders would face in the 1919–32 period. In 1919,
Republicans regained control of both houses of Congress for the first time
since the revolt against Cannon but still faced a substantial faction of midwestern and western progressives who disagreed with important elements
of the party's agenda. Prior to the 1920 election, the common goal of
defeating Woodrow Wilson and his League of Nations united the Republicans. But soon after Warren Harding became president in 1921, sectoral
and ideological fissures began to test GOP unity.The tension between GOP leaders' efforts to maintain working control
of Congress and bids by cross-party coalitions to empower individual
members and enhance the opportunities for bipartisan coalitions to shape
policy outcomes drove institutional development in this period. While
cross-party coalitions were not as successful as they would be in 1937–
52, when the conservative coalition dramatically reshaped congressional
institutions, even in this earlier period progressive Republicans and Democrats managed to impose severe constraints on the GOP's party-building
efforts. Senate Republican leaders had particular difficulty limiting the
influence of progressive Republicans and their Democratic allies.Applying the criteria for case selection from chapter 1 generates a list of
ten significant institutional changes in 1919–32:
Institutional Development, 1919–1932:
Cross-Party Coalitions, Bloc Government, and
|1. ||House Republicans' forming a Steering Committee in 1919|
|2. ||Separating the House majority leader's position from the committee system in 1919|
|3. ||Recentralizing jurisdiction over appropriations in the House
|4. ||Consolidating the Senate committee system in 1920, with the
elimination of forty standing committees|
|5. ||The formation of the Senate “farm bloc” in 1921|
|6. ||Liberalizing the House rules in January 1924|
|7. ||Repealing the 1924 discharge rule in December 1925|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Disjointed Pluralism:Institutional Innovation and the Development of the U.S. Congress.
Contributors: Eric Schickler - Author.
Publisher: Princeton University Press.
Place of publication: Princeton, NJ.
Publication year: 2001.
Page number: 85.
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