Ralph Nader's first target of consumer activism was the American automobile
industry and, in particular, the manufacturers of the now extinct Corvair. He presented his case in Unsafe at Any Speed: The Designed-In Dangers of the American Automobile (New York: Grossman, 1965).
For contemporary conceptualizations of political activism, see Sidney Verba,
Kay Lehman Schlozman, and Henry E. Brady, Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1995);
Steven J. Rosenstone and John Mark Hansen, Mobilization, Participation, and Democracy in America (New York: Macmillan, 1993); and Robert H. Salisbury et al.,
“Triangles, Networks, and Hollow Cores: The Complex Geometry of Washington
Interest Representation,” in Mark P. Petracca, ed., The Politics of Interests: Interest
Groups Transformed, pp. 130–149 (Boulder: Westview Press, 1992).
Development directors and direct mail list brokers interviewed by the author
present this general profile based on their analysis of membership attributes and
Quoted in Ronald G. Shaiko, “Greenpeace U.S.A.: Something Old, New,
Borrowed,” The Annals 528 (Summer 1993): 93.
Ralph Nader, “Foreword,”in Foundation for Public Affairs, Public Interest
Profiles, 1992–1993, p. xi, opening quotation found on pp. xv–xvi (Washington,
D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press, 1992).
David Cohen, “The 1990s and the Public Interest Movement,” in Leslie
Swift-Rosenzweig, ed., Public Interest Profiles, 1988–1989, p. xv (Washington, D.C.: