Illustrated Dictionary of Symbols in Eastern and Western Art

By James Hall; Chris Puleston | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Appendix

The Transcription of Chinese

There have been several systems for transcribing Chinese characters into the Roman alphabet. The system used in this book, known as Wade—Giles, was until recently the most widely adopted in Britain and the USA. It was devised by Sir Thomas Wade in 1859 and modified a little by H. A. Giles in 1912. In 1958 the Chinese authorities published a system called 'Pinyin zimu', which has advantages especially for teachers of Chinese. Pinyin is widely used nowadays for reference books and for labelling in museums. Nevertheless many basic books that are required by students and others (including the majority in the bibliography of this book) are only available in Wade—Giles. The following list shows the differences between the two systems, together with some examples.

Wade—Giles
Pinyin
Wade—Cites
Pinyin
ch (except if followed by i or ü) zh
o (on its own or after h, k, k') e
ch'(except if followed by i or u) ch
o (after f, m, p, p' w) o
chi ji
o (after other con uo
ch'i qi
sonants)
chih zhi
p b
ch'ih chi
p' P
chü ju
ssu (sze) si
ch'ü qu
t d
eh e
t' t
erh er
ts z
hs x
ts' c
i (as an initial or yi
tzu zi
on its own) tz'u ci
ieh ie
u (after y) ou
ien ian
ü (after l, n) ü
ih i
ü u
j r
uei (after k, k') ui
k g
ung ong
k' k
I Ching Yijing (Book of Changes) Taoism Daoism
Han Hsiang Tzu Han Xiangzi T'ang Tang (Dynasty)
Lan Ts'ai-ho Lan Caihe Chu zhu (bamboo)
Pa kua Ba gua (Eight Trigrams) Ch'in Qin (dynasty)
Chung zhong (type of bell) Chü ju (chrysanthemum)
San Yu San You (the three friends) yu (jade)
Ho Hsien-ku He Xiangu Lao Tzu Laozi

-216-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Illustrated Dictionary of Symbols in Eastern and Western Art
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 244

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?