|BC mid-4th cent.c. 3100||Predynastic Period.||Worship of Mother-Goddess. Local gods worshipped in animal and plant form.|
|c. 3100-2613||Early Dynastic, or Archaic Period (1st-3rd Dynasties).||Union of kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt (1st Dyn.). Pharaoh becomes the incarnation of Horus. First pyramid built (3rd Dyn.). Anthropomorphic gods.|
|c. 2613-2181||Old Kingdom (4th-6th Dyn.).||Pyramid Texts (end of 5th Dyn., through 6th Dyn.).|
|c. 2181-2133||First Intermediate Period (7th-10th Dyn.).||Early Coffin Texts. Doctrine of the Judgement of the Dead formulated. Osiris the pre-eminent god of the dead.|
|c. 2133-1786||Middle Kingdom (11th-12th Dyn.).||Later Coffin Texts. Growth of the cult of Amun.|
|c. 1786-1567||Second Intermediate Period (13th-17th Dyn.).||Hyksos invasion and rule (15th-17th Dyn.) accompanied by infiltration of Syrian gods.|
|c. 1567-1085||New Kingdom (18th-20th Dyn.).||First Book of the Dead papyri (mid-18th Dyn.). Amun becomes supreme national deity. Reign of Tutankhamun (19th Dyn.).|
|c. 1085-343||Late Dynastic Period (21st-30th Dyn.).||Veneration of sacred animals; catacombs for Apis bulls built at Sakkara (26th Dyn.). Persian domination (27th Dyn.).|
|323||Conquest by Alexander the Great.|
|323-30||Ptolemaic (Hellenistic) Period.||Cult of Graeco-Egyptian deity, Serapis, introduced by Ptolemy I. Cult of Isis spreads to Greece and Rome.|
|30 BC-AD 395||Egypt a Roman Province.||Founding of Coptic Church. First Christian hermits in the Theban desert (early 4th cent.).|
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Publication information: Book title: Illustrated Dictionary of Symbols in Eastern and Western Art. Contributors: James Hall - Author, Chris Puleston - Illustrator. Publisher: IconEditions. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1996. Page number: 225.
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